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    E9 Unit 9 Language Focus

    (Tài liệu chưa được thẩm định)
    Nguồn:
    Người gửi: Nguyễn Phương Nam
    Ngày gửi: 16h:36' 19-03-2013
    Dung lượng: 1.5 MB
    Số lượt tải: 521
    Số lượt thích: 0 người
    Warm up
    1. The woman _________ lives next door is a journalist.
    2. A dictionary is a book _________ is useful for students.
    3. The richest man _________ invents Microsoft software is Bill Gate.
    4. Joe works for a company _________ produces instant food.
    5. My garden has many flowers _________ are grown by my older sister.
    who/that
    which/that
    who/that
    which/that
    that/which
    Thursday, April 7th , 2011
    UNIT 9
    NATURAL DISASTERS
    LANGUAGE FOCUS
    1. Vocabulary:
    rhinoceros
    horns
    scout
    explorer (n): a person who explores something:
    Người khám phá
    Venus: one of the planets:
    Sao Kim
    rhinoceros (n): con tê giác
    horn (n): sừng
    snout (n): mũi (động vật)
    explorer (n): a person who explores something: người khám phá
    Venus (n): one of the planets: sao Kim
    Thursday, April 7th , 2011
    UNIT 9
    NATURAL DISASTERS
    LANGUAGE FOCUS
    2. Grammar:
    a) Defining relative clauses.
    Ex1: The woman who/that lives next door is a journalist.
    Ex2: A book which/that is very expensive has a lot of valuable information.
    - Who/ that is used as a subject for people.
    - Which/ that is used as a subject for things.
    Thursday, April 7th , 2011
    UNIT 9
    NATURAL DISASTERS
    LANGUAGE FOCUS
    2. Grammar:
    b) Non-defining relative clauses.
    - These clauses give us more information about a person or thing already identified.
    - When we write these clauses, we must use “comma (,)” at the beginning and at the end of the clauses.
    These clauses are used in sentences containing:
    + proper name/noun (Ha Long Bay, John, Sirley…)
    + possessive adjectives (my, his, her, their, our, its)
    + demonstrative pronouns (this, that, these, those); etc..
    - In non-defining relative clauses, we cannot use “that” and we cannot leave out “who” or “which”.
    Ex1: John, who (not “that”) speaks French and Italia, works as a tour guide.
    Ex2: Dick told me about his new job, which he’s enjoying very well.
    Thursday, April 7th , 2011
    UNIT 9
    NATURAL DISASTERS
    LANGUAGE FOCUS
    3. Practice.
    a) Exercise 1:
    Answer the questions. Then use the given words and the answers to rewrite sentences using “who”, “which” or “that”.
    The answers of the questions:
    Kobe
    Singapore
    rhinoceros
    Christopher Columbus
    5. Venus
    6. the buffalo
    7. Malaysia
    8. the chewing gum/ water
    The city which was struck by a huge earthquake in 1995 in Japan is Kobe.
    The country which won the 1998 Tiger Cup is Singapore.
    The animal which has one or two horns on its snout is rhinoceros.
    4. The explorer who discovered America is Christopher Columbus.
    5. The planet which is closest to the Earth is Venus.
    6. The animal which was chosen to be the logo of Sea Game 2003 is the buffalo.
    7. The ASEAN country is divided into two regions by the sea is Malaysia.
    8. The food which you can chew but you cannot swallow is the chewing gum and the thing you can swallow but you cannot chew is water.
    Thursday, April 7th , 2011
    UNIT 9
    NATURAL DISASTERS
    LANGUAGE FOCUS
    b) Exercise 2:
    Match each of the sentences in column A with a related sentences in column B. Then use a suitable relative pronoun to join the two sentences.
    1 e. Andrew is flying to Sacramento, which is the capital city of California.
    2 g. It snowed in Lang Son, which is on the Ky Cung River, in the winter of 2002.
    3 f. Pommpeii, which is an ancient city of Italy, was completely destroyed in A.D 79 by an eruption of Mount Vesuvius.
    4 a. Hurricane Andrew, which swept through southern Florida in August 1992, killed 41 people and made more than 200 000 homeless.
    5 c. The cyclone of November 1970 in Bangladesh, which killed about 500 000 people, was one of the worst natural disasters of the 20th century.
    6 d. The most disastrous earthquake in Japanese history, which occurred in 1923, damaged Tokyo and Yokohama and killed about 150 000 people.
    7 b. The October 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, which measured 7.1 Richter scale, caused extensive damage to older buildings in San Francisco Bay area.
    Thursday, April 7th , 2011
    UNIT 9
    NATURAL DISASTERS
    LANGUAGE FOCUS
    c) Exercise 3:
    a) Viet Nam, which is in south-east Asia, exports rice.
    b) Kagaroos, which comes from Australia, have long tails.
    c) Ba, who lives on Trang Tien Street, likes playing the guitar.
    d) The novel that you gave me on my birthday has been lost.
    e) Neil Amstrong, who first walked on the moon, lived in the USA.
    f) The chair that I bought yesterday is broken.
    g) Miss Lien, who sings very well, is my English teacher.
    Thursday, April 7th , 2011
    UNIT 9
    NATURAL DISASTERS
    LANGUAGE FOCUS
    d) Exercise 4.
    Rewrite the sentences in Exercise 3. Replace each underlined clause with a clause you have written. You may use facts or your imagination.
    Viet Nam, which is an agricultural country, exports rice.
    Done as an example.
    Ba, who wants to be a famous singer, likes playing the guitar.
    The novel that I like best has been lost.
    e) Neil Amstrong, who first set foot on the moon, lived in the USA.
    f) The chair that I like to sit on is broken.
    g) Miss Lien, who has long hair, is my English teacher.
    Thursday, April 7th , 2011
    UNIT 9
    NATURAL DISASTERS
    LANGUAGE FOCUS
    2. A waitress which served us was very impolite and impatient.
    3. That girl, that was injured in the accident, is now in hospital.
    4. Michael who is singing is my friend.
    5. Her dress which she is wearing is very expensive.
    1. A building, which was destroyed in the fire, is rebuilt now.
    A building which was destroyed in the fire is rebuilt now.
    A waitress who served us was very impolite and impatient.
    That girl, who was injured in the accident, is now in hospital.
    Michael, who is singing, is my friend.
    Her dress, which she is wearing, is very expensive.
    Answer keys
    Learn vocabulary by heart.
    Do exercise 4 on page 82.
    Write the 3 exercises on page 81,82 into your notebooks.
    Make 5 sentences using relative pronouns.
    Prepare Unit 10 (Getting started – Listen and read).
    Thank you for your attention
     
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