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Unit 8. The story of my village

Tham khảo cùng nội dung: Bài giảng, Giáo án, E-learning, Bài mẫu, Sách giáo khoa, ...
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Nguồn:
Người gửi: phamthi thanh xuan
Ngày gửi: 21h:13' 08-09-2017
Dung lượng: 6.1 MB
Số lượt tải: 48
Số lượt thích: 0 người
PHAN DINH GIOT HIGH SCHOOL
Teacher: Pham Thi Thanh Xuan
WELL COME TO OUR CLASS 10
WARM UP
WATCH A SHORT VIDEO
Our lesson today is about changes in a village

UNIT 8
THE STORY OF MY VILLAGE
LESSON 1: READING
Many years ago, my village was very poor. The villager had to work hard in the field all day and could hardly make ends meet. Their lives were simple and they were in need of many things. Many people had to live in houses made of straw and mud, and a few families had a radio or a TV set. However, in spite of the shortages, the villagers managed to send their children to school and college. They hoped that with an education of science and technology, their children could find a way of bettering their lives.
The children have met their parents’ wishes. When they came back from college or technical high school, they introduced new farming methods, which resulted in bumper crops. They also helped the villagers grow cash crop for export. Soon, the lifestyle of my village changed. Today, people live in brick houses. In the evening, they can listen to the news on the radio or watch TV for entertainment.. Sometimes they go to town on their motorbikes to do some shopping or to visit their friends.
“ Our lives have changed a lot thanks to the knowledge our children brought home” said an old farmer, “and I always tell my grandchildren to study harder so that they can do even more for the village than their parents did.


- export [`ekspɔ:t] (n):
- mud [mʌd] (n):
- straw [strɔ:] (n):
- brick [brik] (n):
- farming method [`fɑ:miη] [`meθəd] (n):
UNIT 8: THE STORY OF MY VILLAGE - LESSON 1: READING
Before you read: 1. Vocabulary
bùn
gạch
rơm
sự xuất khẩu, hàng xuất khẩu.
phương pháp canh tác
- village: [‘vIlIdʒ]
(n) làng/bản
- bumper crops [`bʌmpə crop ](n) = good crops:
vụ mùa bội thu
- better = improve: [Im’ pru:v]
cải thiện
result in (v): [ri`zʌlt]= bring about
dẫn đến
- knowledge (n):[‘nɑ:lIdʒ]
kiến thức
- thanks to /θæηk tu/ (pre): = because of:
nhờ vào
- techical high school (n): / `teknikl hai sku:l/
trường trung cấp kĩ thuật/trường nghề
- meet one`s wishes :
đáp ứng mong mỏi của ai đó
This girl is a beggar. She has to live in poverty and shortage.
shortage(n) /`∫ɔ:tidʒ/
Sự thiếu thốn
- make ands meet: (v)
kiếm đủ sống
- cash crops: [kæ∫ crop ]
cây trồng thương phẩm
- be in need of: (v)
cần làm gì
CHECK VOCABULARY: Rub out and remember
UNIT 8: THE STORY OF MY VILLAGE - LESSON 1: READING
1. mud
2. bumper crop
3. farming method
4. straw
5. make ands meet
6. cash crop
7. brick
8. export
b. vụ mùa bội thu
a. bùn
c. phương pháp canh tác
d. rơm
e. kiếm đủ sống
f. cây trồng thương phẩm
g. gạch
h. sự xuất khẩu, hàng xuất khẩu
1.Task 1: The words in A appear in the reading passage.
Match them with their definitions in B.
UNIT 8: THE STORY OF MY VILLAGE - LESSON 1: READING
Exercise 1: Choose the best answer using the words or phrases you’ve just learnt .
1. In the past, our houses were made of ……….and ……..
3. The new……….were useful for their village
UNIT 8: THE STORY OF MY VILLAGE - LESSON 1: READING
a. farmers methods
a. straw/mud
b. straw/brick
d. mud/mud
c. brick/mud
2. It was all a great success............a lot of hard work
a. thank for
b. thanks to
c. thanks of
d. thanks you
b. farm method
c. farms methoding
d. farming methods
4. There is water.............in many places over the world
a. short
b. shorted
c. shortage
d. shortaging
II. While you read:
Many years ago, my village was very poor. The villager had to work hard in the field all day and could hardly make ends meet. Their lives were simple and they were in need of many things. Many people had to live in houses made of straw and mud, and a few families had a radio or a TV set. However, in spite of the shortages, the villagers managed to send their children to school and college. They hoped that with an education of science and technology, their children could find a way of bettering their lives.
The children have met their parents’ wishes. When they came back from college or technical high school, they introduced new farming methods, which resulted in bumper crops. They also helped the villagers grow cash crop for export. Soon, the lifestyle of my village changed. Today, people live in brick houses. In the evening, they can listen to the news on the radio or watch TV for entertainment.. Sometimes they go to town on their motorbikes to do some shopping or to visit their friends.
“ Our lives have changed a lot thanks to the knowledge our children brought home” said an old farmer, “and I always tell my grandchildren to study harder so that they can do even more for the village than their parents did.


2. Task 2: The reading passage tells us about many changes in the village.
In the past
At present
House
made of straw and mud
(cottage)
made of bricks
(brick house)
In the past
At present
The mass medial
black and white television
colour television
In the past
At present
Farming methods
old methods
by buffalo/hand
new methods
by machine
In the past
At present
Crops
poor
good/ bumper
In the past
At present
Travel
on foot/ by bikes
by motorbikes/ car
2.TASK 2: Read the text carefully then complete the following table:
old methods,
by buffalo
made of bricks
Many families had
radios and TV set
machine/
new methods
bumper/
more to sell
made of straw
and mud
Few families had a
radio or a TV set
2
3
5
4
6
8
1
10
9
poor
7
Task 3 : Read again the passage and choose the best answer :
1. What was the life like in the author’s village many years ago ?
a. poor and peaceful b. poor and simple
c. simple and quiet d. quiet and peaceful

Many years ago, my village was very poor. The villager had to work hard in the field all day and could hardly make ends meet. Their lives were simple and they were in need of many things. Many people had to live in houses made of straw and mud, and a few families had a radio or a TV set. However, in spite of the shortages, the villagers managed to send their children to school and college. They hoped that with an education of science and technology, their children could find a way of bettering their lives.
( Line 1,2,3,4,5- paragraph 1).
2. Why did the villagers want to send their children to school and college
in spite of their shortages ?
a. Because they hoped that with an education of science and technology, their children could find a way of bettering their lives.
b. Because they don’t hope their children
c. Because they hoped their children could find a way of having more houses.
d. Because they hoped their children could find a way of rebuilding the school
Many years ago, my village was very poor. The villager had to work hard in the field all day and could hardly make ends meet. Their lives were simple and they were in need of many things. Many people had to live in houses made of straw and mud, and a few families had a radio or a TV set.
However, in spite of the shortages, the villagers managed to send their children to school and college. They hoped that with an education of science and technology, their children could find a way of bettering their lives.
(Line 6,7,8- Paragraph 3)
3. How did the children help improve the lifestyle in the village when they finished college or technical high school ?.
a. They introduced new farming methods which resulted in bumper crops.
b. They helped to grow cash crop for export.
c. They came back from school or technical high school.
d. a and b are correct answers

The children have met their parents’ wishes. When they came back from college or technical high school, they introduced new farming methods, which resulted in bumper crops. They also helped the villagers grow cash crop for export. Soon, the lifestyle of my village changed. Today, people live in brick houses. In the evening, they can listen to the news on the radio or watch TV for entertainment.. Sometimes they go to town on their motorbikes to do some shopping or to visit their friends.
(Line 1, 2, 3,4- Paragraph 2)
4. What did the old man say about the effect of the knowledge the young people brought home?

a. He said their lives had changed a lot thanks to the knowledge their children brought home.
b. He said their lives had not changed
c. He said their lives had changed a lot thanks to the money
d. He said their lives had changed a lot thanks to the lifestyle their children
“ Our lives have changed a lot thanks to the knowledge our children brought home” said an old farmer, “and I always tell my grandchildren to study harder so that they can do even more for the village than their parents did.
( Line 1,2- paragraph 3)
T
T
F
F
T
F
T
Exercise 2: Decide these statements are True (T) or False (F).
Years ago the villagers were still poor in spite of working hard
Paragraph 1, Line 1,2
2. They managed to send their children to school and college in spite of shortage.
Paragraph 1, Line 5,6
3. Sometimes they go to town on their to do some shopping or to visit their friends.
bike
motorbike
4. Houses made of straw and mud are more expensive than those made of brick.
Paragraph 2, Line 7,8
5. Villagers’ lives have become better thank to new farming methods
Paragraph 2, Line 2,3
III. After you read
Work in pairs. Discuss the following questions
What will you do in the future to help people in your hometown?
A: Khoa, what do you want to do in the future?
A: If you are a doctor, what can you do to help people in your home
town?
B: I will kill their diseases and keep
them healthy. What about you?
A: I want to be an architect. I will
build lots of flats for local people
to live in.
After you read
Work in pairs. Discuss the following questions
What will you do in the future to help people in your hometown?
B: I want to become a doctor
Home work
* Learn by heart the new words
* Rewrite the changes of life in your village
* Prepare speaking part
 
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