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Bài giảng về Preposition

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Người gửi: Trần Mai Phương
Ngày gửi: 09h:43' 12-06-2010
Dung lượng: 2.0 MB
Số lượt tải: 214
Số lượt thích: 0 người
KINDS OF PREPOSITIONS

Prepositions of place and position

Prepositions of movement

Other uses of prepositions

PROBLEMS OF USE
PREPOSITIONS
KINDS OF PREPOSITIONS
I.  Prepositions of place and position:

* Prepositions show position
Ex:
Ted was sitting next to Janet.
The bank is opposite the cinema.

* Prepositions also show place
Ex:
I’m sitting in the room.
Sue lives on an island.
II. Prepositions of movement:
* Prepositions used with verbs of motion (come, go, run, …) to show the direction of the movement.

Ex:
Jan ran out of the room.

* Other examples: to, into, across, around, up, down, …
III. Other Uses:
1. Prepositions are also used in time expressions:
Prepositions also used in time expressions: at, on, in, before, after, during, till, for, …
Ex: During my absence, they have done so many evils.

Notes: FOR and DURING indicate duration of time.

2. Prepositions also cover a wide range of meanings:
Ex:
This book is about Napoleon.
I cannot drink tea without sugar.
PROBLEMS OF USE
I. AT and TO:
 TO is often used with verbs of motion.
Ex:
- That airplane flies to Japan.
- We decide to go to the museum.
- They moved the table to the corner.
 

 AT cannot be used with verbs of motion.
Ex:
- The train will stop at Manchester.
- They arrived at the cinema at last.
- He will meet his friends at the party.
II. NEAR and NEXT TO:
 NEXT TO: means “beside”
Ex:
- John is the boy who stands next to the door.
- The bookshop is next to the supermarket.
  N
E T
X O
T

 NEAR : + means “not far away from”
+ can be a matter of opinion
+ relies on each person’s view
Ex:
- My birthday is very near Christmas.
- The supermarket is very near the station.


 III. ABOVE and OVER:
Both mean “higher than”
Ex:
- There is something written above / over the door.
- They built a new room above / over the tree.
 ABOVE is used in comparison with a stable object.
Ex:
There is a plane above the clouds.






The bridge is 160 feet above the sea level.
 
 OVER is used to suggest closeness or touching.
Ex:
He put a blanket over the sleeping child.









They spread the map over the table.
IV. IN and AT: Places
 IN refers to towns, countries and the “inside” of places.
Ex:
- They live in England.

- Yesterday she was in the city.

- My sister is in the garden now.
 AT refers to points with a particular purpose rather than “inside”.
Ex:
- She lives at home.
- He met her at the park.
V. Prepositions at the end of a sentence:
Ex:
What are you seeking for?

It’s quite a hard problem to deal with!

That‘s the man whom I am waiting for.

- Can be found in questions, infinitive clauses, relative clauses, …
- Usually go with verb.
Question
Infinitive
Relative Clause
VI. Other uses:
1. Some prepositions can be used as adverbs without an object.
Ex:
- There`s a man with a dog sitting opposite.









- I can`t see anyone around.
 
2. There are many fixed phrases containing prepositions, such as: by mistake, on purpose, out of order, …
Ex:
- Your guitar sounds awful! It seems to be out of tune.
- My Ferrari crashed into the lamp-post by mistake.
T
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