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  • Bài giảng về Preposition

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    Nguồn:
    Người gửi: Trần Mai Phương
    Ngày gửi: 09h:43' 12-06-2010
    Dung lượng: 2.0 MB
    Số lượt tải: 210
    Số lượt thích: 0 người
    KINDS OF PREPOSITIONS

    Prepositions of place and position

    Prepositions of movement

    Other uses of prepositions

    PROBLEMS OF USE
    PREPOSITIONS
    KINDS OF PREPOSITIONS
    I.  Prepositions of place and position:

    * Prepositions show position
    Ex:
    Ted was sitting next to Janet.
    The bank is opposite the cinema.

    * Prepositions also show place
    Ex:
    I’m sitting in the room.
    Sue lives on an island.
    II. Prepositions of movement:
    * Prepositions used with verbs of motion (come, go, run, …) to show the direction of the movement.

    Ex:
    Jan ran out of the room.

    * Other examples: to, into, across, around, up, down, …
    III. Other Uses:
    1. Prepositions are also used in time expressions:
    Prepositions also used in time expressions: at, on, in, before, after, during, till, for, …
    Ex: During my absence, they have done so many evils.

    Notes: FOR and DURING indicate duration of time.

    2. Prepositions also cover a wide range of meanings:
    Ex:
    This book is about Napoleon.
    I cannot drink tea without sugar.
    PROBLEMS OF USE
    I. AT and TO:
     TO is often used with verbs of motion.
    Ex:
    - That airplane flies to Japan.
    - We decide to go to the museum.
    - They moved the table to the corner.
     

     AT cannot be used with verbs of motion.
    Ex:
    - The train will stop at Manchester.
    - They arrived at the cinema at last.
    - He will meet his friends at the party.
    II. NEAR and NEXT TO:
     NEXT TO: means “beside”
    Ex:
    - John is the boy who stands next to the door.
    - The bookshop is next to the supermarket.
      N
    E T
    X O
    T

     NEAR : + means “not far away from”
    + can be a matter of opinion
    + relies on each person’s view
    Ex:
    - My birthday is very near Christmas.
    - The supermarket is very near the station.


     III. ABOVE and OVER:
    Both mean “higher than”
    Ex:
    - There is something written above / over the door.
    - They built a new room above / over the tree.
     ABOVE is used in comparison with a stable object.
    Ex:
    There is a plane above the clouds.






    The bridge is 160 feet above the sea level.
     
     OVER is used to suggest closeness or touching.
    Ex:
    He put a blanket over the sleeping child.









    They spread the map over the table.
    IV. IN and AT: Places
     IN refers to towns, countries and the “inside” of places.
    Ex:
    - They live in England.

    - Yesterday she was in the city.

    - My sister is in the garden now.
     AT refers to points with a particular purpose rather than “inside”.
    Ex:
    - She lives at home.
    - He met her at the park.
    V. Prepositions at the end of a sentence:
    Ex:
    What are you seeking for?

    It’s quite a hard problem to deal with!

    That‘s the man whom I am waiting for.

    - Can be found in questions, infinitive clauses, relative clauses, …
    - Usually go with verb.
    Question
    Infinitive
    Relative Clause
    VI. Other uses:
    1. Some prepositions can be used as adverbs without an object.
    Ex:
    - There`s a man with a dog sitting opposite.









    - I can`t see anyone around.
     
    2. There are many fixed phrases containing prepositions, such as: by mistake, on purpose, out of order, …
    Ex:
    - Your guitar sounds awful! It seems to be out of tune.
    - My Ferrari crashed into the lamp-post by mistake.
    T
    H
    E
    E
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    D

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