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Unit 2. City life. Lesson 1. Getting started

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Tham khảo cùng nội dung: Bài giảng, Giáo án, E-learning, Bài mẫu, Sách giáo khoa, ...
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Nhắn tin cho tác giả
(Tài liệu chưa được thẩm định)
Người gửi: Huỳnh Phong Dinh
Ngày gửi: 20h:03' 15-09-2016
Dung lượng: 3.6 MB
Số lượt tải: 1884
Số lượt thích: 14 người (Hà Thị Thơm, nguyễn thị ngọc hà, Tạ Thanh Hằng, ...)
Teacher: Huynh Phong Dinh
Lesson 1: Getting started
Match the picture with the correct name.
Sydney Opera House Sydney Harbour Royal Botanical Gardens
Harbour Bridge Bondi Beach Royal National Park
Bondi Beach
Royal Natioanal Park
Sydney Harbour
Harbour Bridge
Sydney Opera House
Royal Botanical Gardens
Bondi Beach – Sydney Harbour – Royal National Park
Sydney Harbour House – Harbour – Royal National Gardens
Answer the following questions.
1. What can you see in the picture?
2. Do you know these two boys?
3. Where are they now?
4. What are they talking about?
Duong: Hey, Paul! Over here!
Paul: Hi, Duong! How`s it going? Getting over the jet lag?
Duong: Yes, I slept pretty well last night. Hey, thanks so much for showing me around today.
Paul: No worries, it`ll be good fun.
Duong: So, are you from around here?
Paul: Me? Yes, I was born and grew up here. Sydney`s my hometown.
Duong: It`s fabulous. Is it an ancient city?
Paul: No, it`s not very old, but it`s Australia`s biggest city, and the history of our country began here.
Duong: Wow! So what are the greatest attractions in Sydney?
Paul: Well, its natural features include Sydney Harbour, the Royal National Park, and Bondi Beach. Man-made attractions such as the Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney Opera House, and the Harbour Bridge are also well known to visitors.
Duong: What about transport?
Paul: Public transport here is convenient and reliable: you can go by bus, by train, or light rail. Taxis are more expensive, of course.
Duong: And is Sydney good for shopping?
Paul: Of course! You know, Sydney`s a metropolitan and multicultural city, so we have a great variety of things and foods from different countries. I`ll take you to Paddington Market later, if you like.
Duong: Wonderful. What about education? Are there many universities?
Paul: Sydney has five big universities and some smaller ones. The oldest of them was set up in 1850, I believe.
Duong: Oh, it sounds like a good place to get higher education. I like this town!
1. It is Duong`s first _________ to Sydney.
2. In Paul`s opinion, Sydney is not _________ an city.
3. Sydney Harbour is a _________ attraction of Sydney.
4. The shopping is good because of the _________ of things.
5. Duong thinks Sydney may be a good place to _________.
a. Complete the sentences with information from the conversation.
b. Find the word in the conversation to match these definitions.
jet lag
a feature
c. Answer the questions.
Where did Paul grow up?

2. What is the biggest city in Australia?

3. How is the public transport in Sydney?

4. Why is,there a great variety of things and foods in Sydney?

5. When was the first university built in Sydney?

- He grew up in Sydney.
- Sydney is.
- It is convenient and reliable.
- Because it is a metropolitan and multicultural city.
- In 1850.
d. Think of other ways to say these expressions from the conversation.
1. "How`s it going?"
2. "Getting over the jet lag?"
3. "I slept pretty well"
4. "No worries"
2. Replace the word(s) in italics with one of the words from the box.
1. There is not a lot of world news in this
2. I do my shopping in the neighbourhood shops, not in the town centre.
3. At weekends the city centre is always packed with people.
4. My friend`s family has just moved to a nearby town.
5. There is far too much pollution nowadays in city areas.
crowded – international – local – urban – neighbouring
3. Work in pairs to do the quiz.
1. Which city is the oldest?
Ha Noi B. Hue C. Can Tho
2. Which city is in Oceania?
Baghdad B. Amsterdam C. Canberra
3. Which city is the best-known city in North America?
Chicago B. Vancouver C. New York
4. Which city is in Africa?
Luanda B. Athens C. Buenos Aires
5. Which city has the World Heritage status?
Bac Giang B. Vinh C. Hoi An
6. Which is a capital city?
A. Rio B. Moscow C. Osaka
Teacher: Huynh Phong Dinh
Lesson 2: A closer look 1
1a. Put one of the adjectives in the box in each blank.
local delicious ancient historic
helpful warm fascinating comfortable
Dear Oggy,
We’re having a fabulous time here in Hoi An. You know, it’s a(n) (1) __________ town 30 km from Da Nang. The weather is very (2) __________ and sunny. Our hotel is small but (3) __________ . The staff are friendly and (4) __________ .
We’ve seen most of the sights of the town. The street life here is (5) __________ . We’ve spent a lot of time wandering around and looking at the (6) __________ temples, bridges, and houses. We’ve also bought a lot of (7) __________ souvenirs, crafts, and clothing. Well the street food in Hoi An is (8) __________ and affordable. I wish you could be here with us!
Anyway, I hope things are good with you.
Lots of love,
1b. Now underline all the other adjectivesin the message.
2. Which of the following adjectives describe city life? Put a (√ ).
3. Put the suitable adjective from 2 in each blank.
1. She lives in one of the most ____________ parts of the city: there are lots of luxury shops there.
2. How ____________! The roads are crowded and I`m stuck in a traffic jam.
3. You can`t stop here. Parking is ____________ in this street.
4. This city is very ____________ , there are people here from all over the world.
5. The gallery downtown has regular exhibitions of ____________ art.
6. Nhieu Loc canal in Ho Chi Minh City is much less ____________ than before.
Pronunciation: Stress on pronouns in sentences.
Most pronouns have strong and weak forms.
Normally we use the weak form, but if the word
is stressed because it is especially important, or because we want to show a contrast, we use the strong form.
A: That looks pretty easy. I think you can do it.
("you" is weak)
B: Well, you do it then! ("you" is strong)
4. Listen and repeat, paying attention to the difference in the underlined pronouns. Circle the pronouns that sound strong.
1. A: Can you come and give me a hand?
B: OK. Wait for me!
2. A: Did you come to the party last night?
B: Yes. But I didn`t see you.
3. A: Look - it`s him!
B: Where? I can`t see him.
4. A: They told us to go this way.
B: Well, they didn`t tell us!
A: Are you going to talk to him (W)?
B: No, I think he (S) should talk to me (S) first.
1. A: Is he(_) there?
B: No. Everybody else is, but he`s (_) gone home!
2. A: Do you know that woman?
B: Her(_)? Er... No. I don`t recognise her(_).
3. A: I`m afraid we(_) can`t stay any longer.
B: What do you mean `we` (_)? l`ve (_) got plenty of time.
4. A: Look! Everybody`s leaving.
B: What about us(_)? Shall we(_) go, too?
5a. Listen and mark the underlined words as W (weak) or S (strong).
5b. Work in pairs. Practise the exchanges above.
Teacher: Huynh Phong Dinh
Lesson 3: A closer look 2
Comparison of adjectives and adverbs: review
1. Match the beginnings to the correct endings.
The Present Perfect
(+) I have been to Nha Trang twice.
(- ) He hasn’t been to Nha Trang.
He has never been to Nha Trang.
(?) Have you ever been to Nha Trang?
You can use much, a lot, a bit and a little with the comparative forms of adjectives to show how big the differences are.
A DVD is much better than a video for watching films.

With the superlative forms of the adjectives you can use second, third, etc.
Karachi in Pakistan is the second largest city in the world in population.

You can use by far to emphasise superlatives.
China is by far the most populated country in the world.
2. Complete the text with the most suitable form of the adjectives in brackets. Add the where necessary.
London is one of (1. large) ___________ cities in the world.
Its population is a lot (2. small) ___________ than Tokyo or
Shanghai, but it is by far (3. popular) _________________ touristdestination. London is probably most famous for its museums, galleries, palaces, and other sights, but it also includes a (4. wide) _______________ range of peoples,
cultures, and religions than many other places.
People used to say that it was (5. dirty) ____________ city
too, but it is now much (6. clean) ___________ than it was.
To the surprise of many people, it now has some of
(7. good) _____________ restaurants in Europe too. For some people, this makes London (8. exciting) __________ city in Europe.
the largest
the most popular
the dirtiest
the best
the most exciting
The Present Perfect
(+) I have been to Nha Trang twice.
(- ) He hasn’t been to Nha Trang.
He has never been to Nha Trang.
(?) Have you ever been to Nha Trang?
In addition to learning the meanings of phrasal verbs, we need to know whether the verb and the particle(s) have to stay together or they can be separated.
In these phrasal verbs, the parts can never be separated: set off, look forward to, put up with…
In these phrasal verbs, the parts can be separated: the object of the verb can come between the verb and the particle: put sth on, turn sth/sb down…
3. Look at the conversation in GETTING STARTED
again. Find and underline the phrasal verbs.
4. Underline the correct particle to complete each phrasal verb.
1. The city has recently set up/off/out a library in the West Suburb.
2. I don`t think Fred gets over/through/on with Daniel. They always argue.
3. You should take your hat in/over/off in the cinema.
4. Their children have all grown up/out/out of and left home for the city to work.
5. We were shown up/off/around the town by a volunteer student.
6. The town council decided to pull up/over/down the building, as it was unsafe.
4. Underline the phrasal verbs in the sentences, and match them to their meaning .
1. You don`t need the light on in here. Turn it off, please.
2. They offered him a place at the company but he turned it down.
3. The doctor wanted to go over the test results with her patient.
4. Once you`ve finished cleaning, you can go on with your work.
5. When you come inside you should take off your coat and hat.
6. The local meeting is on Oct. 15th. Put it down in your diary.
remove examine press the switch
refuse make a note continue doing
press the switch
continue doing
make a note
6. Read the text and find eight phrasal verbs. Match each of them with a definition from the box.
For her first evening`s work at the bar, Sarah dressed up. She wore a black skirt and white blouse, as she had been told to look smart. However, when she turned up, she found out that the manager had been less than honest with her about the job. She had to serve the customers and also work in the kitchen. Still, she decided to go on working at the bar for the time being. After all, she was getting on well in the job. Three months later, she saw an advertisement in the paper for a sales assistant at a department store. She thought it over carefully, and decided to apply for it. `But I won`t tell anyone until I`ve got the new job!` she thought. The prospect of doing something different cheered her up considerably.
consider ask for (a job) arrive put on smart clothes
discover make progress continue make someone feel happier
Teacher: Huynh Phong Dinh
Lesson 4: Communication
1a. Which of the following features do you like best about a city? Choose three from this list.
1. It is busy and exciting.
2. It is cosmopolitan.
3. It has a lot of fashionable shops.
4. It is cultural.There are cinemas, theatres, galleries,
and museums.
5. It is convenient. There is a good transport system.
6. There are good cafes and restaurants.
7. There are a lot of parks and open space.
8. There are famous buildings and fascinating
1b. Work in groups. Discuss your choices. Give reasons.
I like a busy and exciting city with good
transport, so I can get around and see all
the cultural attractions it has to offer ...
2. Read the passage and, in your group, answer the questions below.
Singapore is a small city-state in Southeast Asia.
It is a lovely place to visit. The attractions are
quite close to each other, so travelling between
them is convenient. The food here is varied all
kinds of Asian food. The outdoor food markets
are fun and affordable. You order your food, and
it is cooked right before you. Then you go and
eat it at a table outside. It`s a great way to meet
people. But what I like most about Singapore is
that it is multicultural - Chinese, Malay, Indian,
European, and Vietnamese.
For me, that`s the best
thing about Singapore.
What is the best attraction in Singapore, according to the writer? Would you like to go there? Why?
Look at the picture and answer the questions: Which city is it? Where is it?
Vung Tau
Southeast Viet Nam
New York City
Northeastern USA
Southeast Australia
3. Read the information about these cities and try to find them on a map.
4. Write a short paragraph (80-100 words) about one of the cities above. You can refer to the passage in 2 as a guide.




5. Work in groups. Talk about the city you chose.
The city I`d like to visit most is
New York. There are many things
to see and to do there. You can ...
Teacher: Huynh Phong Dinh
Lesson 5: Skills 1
Work in pairs. What features are important to you in a city?
Put the following in order 1-8 (1 is the most important).
cost of living
Answer the questions:
Which city is it?
Where is it?
2. Read the passage quickly and find the information.
Which is the best city in the world to live in? Every year, the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) conducts a fascinating survey to determine which cities around the world "provide the best or worst living conditions". It uses factors such as climate, transport, education, safety, and recreational facilities in cities. It gives scores for each, and ranks the cities in order - from the best to the worst.
For the year 2014, the top 10 cities came from Australia, Canada, Europe, and New Zealand.M elbourne in Australia had the highest score, which means it is the most `liveable‘ city. Some famous cities came in the top 20, such as Tokyo (19th) and Paris (17th). Perhaps surprisingly, Osaka {13th) had the best score in Asia
Cities with major conflicts tended to score the lowest. In these countries, living conditions were the most difficult or dangerous. Among the worst cities on the list were Dhaka in Bangladesh, Tripoli in Libya, and Douala in Cameroon.
However, some other organisations and individuals would like to add other factors to the index. They say that a city`s green space, urban sprawl, natural features, cultural attractions, convenience, and pollution should be added to the list.
2. Read the passage quickly and find the information.
1. The name of the organization doing the survey:

2. The year of the survey:

3. The names of the best city and the world cities:
The best city: Melbourne
The worst city: Dhaka, Tripoli, and Douala
The Economist Intelligent Unit (EIU)
3. Read the passage again and answer the questions.
What factors are used by the EIU to rank the world`s cities?

Where were some famous cities in the table?

Why were Dhaka, Tripoli, and Douala ranked among the worst cities?

Which was the most liveable city in Asia?

What are some factors that should be added to the index?

- Climate, transport, education, safety, and recreational facilities for cities are used.
- Among the top twenty.
- Because the living conditions there were the most difficult or dangerous.
- Osaka was.
- They are a city’s green space, urban sprawl, natural features, cultural attractions, convenience and pollution.
4a. Work in groups of five or six. Conduct a survey to rank your own town/city or a town/city you know. Give from10 points (the best) to 1 point (the worst) to each factor.
Ask each student in your group the questions:
How many points do you give to factor 1 – safety?
Then write the points in the table.
4b. Work out the final result of your group. Then present it to the class. Is your group’s result the same or different from that of other groups?
Ask each student in your group the questions:
How many points do you give to factor 1 – safety?
Then write the points in the table.
Teacher: Huynh Phong Dinh
Lesson 6: Skills 2
1. Does your city, or the one nearest to you, have any of these drawbacks?
- urban sprawl - air pollution
- noise - bad weather
- high cost of living - crime
- traffic jams - overcrowding
2. Listen and write the missing word in each gap.
1. "Some __________ have problems with pollution, crime or bad weather - here we have traffic jams".
2. Before going to the __________ , she has to take her children to school.
3. In the evening the __________ is even worse.
4. Now everybody has a car, and there aren`t enough __________ in the city.
3. Listen again and choose the correct answer.
1. What is the most serious problem in Bangkok?
A. Pollution B. Bad weather C. Traffic jams
2. How does Suzanne go to work?
A. By car B. By Skytrain C. By metro
3. How long does it take Suzanne to go to work every day?
A. Two hours B. Five hours C. Half an hour
4. In the evening the traffic is __________.
A. better B. worse C. the same
5. Why is traffic so bad in Bangkok?
A. People move around by boat.
B. There aren`t enough roads.
C. There isn`t a Skytrain or metro.
4. Read the passage and complete the outline below.
Living in a city has a number of drawbacks. Firstly, there is the problem of traffic jams and traffic accidents. The increase in population and the increasing number of vehicles have caused many accidents to happen every day. Secondly, air pollution negatively affects people`s health, and it also has a bad influence on the environment. More and more city dwellers suffer from coughing or breathing problems. Thirdly, the city is noisy, even at night. Noise pollution comes from the traffic and from construction sites. Buildings are always being knocked down and rebuilt. These factors contribute to making city life more difficult for its residents.
Topic sentence: . . . . . . . . . .
Conclusion: . . . . . . . . . . . .
Problem 2: . . .
Problem 1: . . .
Problem 3: . . .
4. Read the passage and complete the outline below.
Topic sentence:
Problem 2:
Problem 1:
Problem 3:
Living in a city has a number of drawbacks
traffic jams and traffic accidents
air pollution
noise/noise pollution
These factors contribute to making city life more difficult for its residents.
5. Choose one item from the list in 1. Make an
outline, and then write a paragraph on one of the topics.
Writing tip

Remember to organise your ideas to make your message clearer:
- Firstly ...
- Secondly ... /Next .. .
- Thirdly ... /Lastly ... /Finally ...
- In conclusion ... /To conclude ...

Teacher: Huynh Phong Dinh
Lesson 7: Looking back
1. Complete the word webs with nouns and adjectives connected with the city.
1. Complete the word webs with nouns and adjectives connected with the city.
2. Put one word from the box in each gap.
A big city is full of life. City life is more modern and (1) __________ than elsewhere. It is usually very busy and (2) __________ , even at night.
Life in a big city starts early in the morning. Soon the roads are (3) __________ of vehicles. School children in their uniforms can be seen on the pavement, walking or waiting for buses. People rush to work. With every passing hour, the traffic goes on increasing. The shops and the market places remain (4) __________ till the evening hours.
Certainly (5) __________ life has certain charms. It offers great opportunities and challenges, especially for the young. There are lots ofthings to do, and facilities are well developed. There are (6) __________ places for amusementand recreation. One never feels (7) __________ in a city.
noisy full crowded bored
fabulous urban fascinating
3. Complete each sentence with the word given, using comparison. Include any other necessary words.
1. The last exhibition was not ______________ this one.

2. This city is developing ______________ in the region.

3. Let`s take this road. It is _____________ way to the city.

4. I was disappointed as the film was _____________ than
I had expected.

5. You`re not a safe driver! You should drive____________.

as interesting as
the fastest
the shortest
less entertaining
more carefully
4. Complete each space with a phrasal verb from the list. Change the form of the verb if necssary.
1. She _____________ his invitation to the party and now he`s really upset.
2. What`s _____________ in the street over there? Open the door!
3. Lots of fruit and vegetables will help you___________ your cold.
4. My brother was ____________ with a trip to the zoo.
5. The road was jammed, so we had to ____________ and find an alternative route.
6. I have ____________ about a fabulous place where we can go for a picnic this weekend.
turned down
going on
get over
cheered up
turn back
found out
5. Rewrite each sentence so that it has a similar meaning and contains the word in capitals.
1. Don’t leave the lights on when you leave the classroom.

2. Mai spent her childhood in a small town in the south.

3. Kathy checked the restaurant on her mobile phone.

4. My grandmother has recovered from her operation.

5. We are really expecting to see you again with pleasure.

- Turn off the lights on when you leave the classroom.
- Mai grew up in a small town in the south.
- Kathy looked up the restaurant on her mobile phone.
- My grandmother has got over her operation.
- We are looking forward to seeing you again.
6. Work in two teams. The first team gives the name of a dty or town in Viet Nam. The other team says any man-made or natural attractions that it is famous for. Then switch. The team with the most items wins.
Team 1: Hai Duong City.

Team 2: Well, it ls famous for its green bean cakes.

Team 2: Da Nang City.

Team 1: It has fabulous Ngu Hanh Son
·(Marble Mountains)·`·

Prepare “A closer look 1"
Practise the dialogue with your friends
Learn vocabulary and expressions by heart
Thank you for your attention!
Good bye
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