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Unit 1. Friendship

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Tham khảo cùng nội dung: Bài giảng, Giáo án, E-learning, Bài mẫu, Sách giáo khoa, ...
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Nhắn tin cho tác giả
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Nguồn:
Người gửi: Hoàng Ngân
Ngày gửi: 17h:29' 06-09-2021
Dung lượng: 5.8 MB
Số lượt tải: 635
Số lượt thích: 2 người (Trần Thị Hạnh, nguyễn đình bằng)
Grade 11
Unit 1: Friendship
Part A: Reading
Grade 11
Unit 1: Friendship
I. Before you read
Vocabulary
1.selfishness (n) /ˈselfɪʃnəs/ sự ích kỷ
2. constancy (n) /ˈkɒnstənsi/ sự kiên định
- constant (a) /ˈkɒnstənt/ kiên định
3. loyal to (a) /ˈlɔɪəl/ trung thành với
– loyalty (n)
4. trust (n) /trʌst/ >< suspicion (n) /sə`spi∫n/
>< suspicious (a) /səˈspɪʃəs/
5. sympathy (n) /ˈsɪmpəθi/ lòng cảm thông
6. acquaintance (n) /əˈkweɪntəns/ người quen
7. give – and- take (np)
8. mutual (a) /ˈmjuːtʃuəl/ chung, hỗ trợ
9. (be) incapable (of) (a) /in`keipəbl/ không có khả năng
>< be capable of
Vocabulary
10. last (v) /lɑ:st/ kéo dài
- lasting (a) /`lɑ:stiη/ bền vững
11. quality (n) /`kwɔliti/ chất lượng, phẩm chất
12. in common (with) /`kɔmən/ có điểm giống với
13. concerned (a) /kənˈsɜːnd/ quan tâm, âu lo
14. constancy (n) /`kɔnstənsi/ sự kiên định
constant (a) /`kɔnstənt/ kiên định
15. lifelong (a) /`laiflɔη/ cả đời
16. rumour (n) /`ru:mə/ tin đồn
17. gossip (v) /`gɔsip/ mách lẻo
18. influence (v) /`influəns/ ảnh hưởng
Everyone has a number of acquaintances, but no one has many friends, for true friendship is not common, and there are many people who seem to be incapable of it. For a friendship to be close and lasting, both the friends must have some very special qualities.
The first quality is unselfishness. A person who is concerned only with his own interests and feelings cannot be a true friend. Friendship is a two-sided affair; it lives by give-and-take, and no friendship can last lone which is all give on one side and all take on the other.
Constancy is the second quality. Some people do not seem to be constant. They take up an interest with enthusiasm, but they are soon tired of it and feel the attraction of some new object. Such changeable and uncertain people are incapable of a lifelong friendship.
Loyalty is the third quality. Two friends must be loyal to each other, and they must know each other so well that there can be no suspicions between them. We do not think much of people who readily believe rumours and gossip about their friends. Those who are easily influenced by rumours can never be good friends.
Trust is perhaps the fourth quality. There must be mutual trust between friends, so that each can feel safe when telling the other his or her secrets. There are people who cannot keep a secret, either of their own or of others’. Such people will never keep a friend long.
Lastly, there must be a perfect sympathy between friends - sympathy with each other’s aims, likes, joys, sorrows, pursuits and pleasures. Where such mutual sympathy does not exist, friendship is impossible. 
 Good friendship should be based on _________
understanding.
mutual
 The children seem to be ____________ working quietly by themselves.
incapable of
 He is a(n) ___________ man. He always helps people without thinking of his benefit.
unselfish
Task 1. Fill each blank with a suitable word/phrase
 You can’t always insist on your own way – there has to be some ________________.
give-and-take
 Despite many changes in his life, he remained __________ his working principles.
loyal to
 He started to get _____________ when she told him that she had been to Britain for many times.
suspicious
 A(n) _______________ is a person one simply knows, and a(n) __________ is a person with whom one has a deeper relationship.
acquaintance
friend
II. While you read
Listen to the reading passage.
(Page 13 and 14, English 11)
Activity 1: Complete the chart below
True friendship
5 qualities
sympathy
trust
loyalty
unselfishness
constancy
Base on the above chart do task 2, page 14
Activity 2: Do task 2 (page 14)
Task 2: Which of the choices A, B, C, or D most adequately sums up the ideas of the whole passage?
A
A friend in need is a friend indeed
B
Conditions of true friendship
C
Features of a good friend
D
Friends and acquaintances
Task 3: Answering the questions.
What is the first quality for true friendship and what does it tell you ?
Why are changeable and uncertain people incapable of true friendship ?
What is the third quality for true friendship and what does it tell you ?
Why must there be a mutual trust between friends ?
Why can’t people who talk too much keep a friend long ?
What is the last quality for true friendship and what does it tell you ?
① What is the first quality for true friendship and what does it tell you ?
It is unselfishness. It tells me that a man who is concerned only with his own interests and feelings cannot be a true friend. (lines: 5-8)
Activity 2:
 Why are changeable and uncertain people incapable of true friendship ?
Because they take up an interest with enthusiasm but they are soon tired of it and they feel the attraction of some new object.(lines: 9-12)
 What is the third quality for true friendship and what does it tell you ?
It is loyalty. It tells me that the two friends must be loyal to each other, and they must know each other so well that there can no suspicions between them. (lines: 13- 17)
Activity 2:
 Why must there be a mutual trust between friends ?
If not, people cannot feel safe when telling the other their most intimate secrets. (lines;18- 20)
 Why can’t people who talk too much keep a friend long ?
Because they cannot keep secrets either of their own or those of others. (lines: 20- 21)
 What is the last quality for true friendship and what does it tell you ?
It is sympathy.It tells us that to be a true friend you must sympathize with your friend. Where there’s no mutual sympathy between friends, there’s no true friendship. (lines: 22- 24)
Activity 2:
III. AFTER YOU READ
“Summarize the 5 qualities for true friendship?”
Qualities for true friendship
unselfishness
constancy
loyalty
trust
sympathy
Unit 1: FRIENDSHIP
Speaking
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
PERSONALITIES
Describing
People
Height
Physical
Characteristics
Build
Face
Nose
Eye
Appearance
Height
Tall
Short
Medium
Build
skinny
slim
of normal
build
muscular
obese
Oval
Round
Square
Triangle
Face
EYE
Brown
Blue
Black
Small
Big
Green
black
brown
red
blonde
grey
straight
crew-cut
curly
pony tail
HAIR
Appearance
beautiful
pretty
handsome
good-looking
Appearance
plain
Nose
Straight: thẳng
Crooked: khoằm
Flat: tẹt
Big
Small
She is about 20 years old.
She is slim.
She has long straight black hair.
She has an oval face with big eyes, a straight nose and heart-shaped lips.
She’s very beautiful
Task 1
Look at the people in the textbook (p.15)
and describe their physical characteristics
Personalities
Caring: chu đáo
Hospitable: hiếu khách
Modest: khiêm tốn
Sincere: chân thành
Generous: hào phóng
Honest: trung thực
Helpful: hữu ích
Understanding: thông cảm
Pleasant: dễ chịu
Friendly: thân thiện
Humorous: hài hước
Quick-witted: nhanh trí
Good-natured: tốt bụng
Studious: chăm chỉ
Intelligent: thông minh
Patient: kiên nhẫn
Calm: điềm tĩnh
Task 2
Discuss and number the following personalities in order of importance in friendship:
Caring Sincere Helpful
Hospitable Generous Understanding
Modest Honest Pleasant
Task 3
Talk about your best friend:
His/her name
His/ her age
His/ her physical characteristics
His/ her hobbies
His/ her personalities
Why you like him/ her
SINCERE
GENEROUS
MEDIUM
PRETTY
BEAUTIFUL
GOOD-LOOKING
TALL
HONEST
HANDSOME
SHORT
UNIT 1: FRIENDSHIP
Writing
Activity1: Reoder the sentences



3. not/ is/ very /she/ tall /quite /and /slim

2. is / also/ she/ very/ and/ intelligent /studious.
1. is/ she/ pretty/very.

She has a round face
She is also very intelligent and studious.

She is very pretty.
She is not very tall and quite slim.
4. has/ a /she/ face /round.
Activity 2: Matching
My best friend’s name is “Sao Mai”, which means “Morning Star” in English. She is the same age with me, and we have known each other since we were in grade 4.
If I were to describe how she looks, I would say she is very pretty. She is not very tall and quite slim. She has a round face with long black hair, big eyes and regular white teeth. That’s why many people say that her smile can brighten up even the cloudiest day.
She has a very nice personality and a wonderful sense of humour. She is also very intelligent and studious.
The first thing I like about Mai is that she shares the same interests with me. We both enjoy listening to music and collecting stamps. In addition, she is very good at maths and she helps me a lot with difficult exercises. However, perhaps the best thing like about her is her kindness. Whenever I have a problem, she always encourages me or gives me helpful advice. I hope that our friendship will last forever.
*Name
*Age
*When and Where
I met her
Her Physical
Characteristics
Her personalities
What I like
about her
WRITING PRACTICE
Write about a friend:
His/her name
His/ her age
When and where you met him or her
His/ her physical characteristics
His/ her personalities
Why you like him/ her
CAN YOU READ THE FOLLOWING
“CODED MESSAGE”?
ce on a time, was lonely, loo somebody, who be like me in every , so that we had something in common do and say. Then I found one and said, “ will my friend ever”. made me so ha , brightened my day. e got along so and had a lot of fun.
OUR FRIENDSHIP
Once upon a time, I was lonely, looking for somebody, who would be like me in every way, so that we had something in common to do and say. Then I found you one day and said, “You will be my friend forever”. You made me so happy, you brightened up my day. We got along so well and had a lot of fun.
Language focus
Unit 1: Friendship
Practise reading aloud these sentences.
Just outside the village, there’s a bridge.
Jane always enjoys George’s jokes.
Two jeeps went over the edge of the bridge.
Which picture do you think the child wants to change?
Mix the mushrooms, chilli and cheese.
Do you like French salad and fish and chips?
1. She has five children and a husband to feed.
2. I am very surprised to know that you have painted this picture
3. It is exciting to listen to his jokes .
4. He saw some passengers get on the bus.
… to feed
… to know
… to listen
Infinitive with to
…get
Infinitive without to
1. Infinitive with to (to inf.)
She has five children and a husband to feed.
S V N(O) to inf.
I am surprised to know that you have painted this picture.
It is exciting to listen to his jokes.
She decided to go swimming.
Our parents want us to study harder.
My teacher told me to read the text.
My friend advised me to take a short rest.
2. Infinitive without to (bare inf.)
He saw some passengers get on the bus.
S V O bare inf.
She heard the boy sing her favorite song.
S V O bare inf.
The film makes her cry.
Will you let me use your pen?
make
let
help
have
Can you help me open the door?
I have the boy close the door
+ sb+ bare inf
 
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