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Unit 11 . National parks

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Tham khảo cùng nội dung: Bài giảng, Giáo án, E-learning, Bài mẫu, Sách giáo khoa, ...
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Nhắn tin cho tác giả
(Tài liệu chưa được thẩm định)
Người gửi: Nguyễn Thị Thương
Ngày gửi: 08h:04' 29-07-2009
Dung lượng: 548.5 KB
Số lượt tải: 32
Số lượt thích: 0 người
1) wild/ established/ preserve/ national parks/ have/animals/ many/ to/ been
1. Many national parks have been established to preserve wild animals.
2) luxurious/reserved/ this/ Mr/ a table/ the/ most/ in/ restaurant/ John/ of/ town
2. Mr John reserved a table in the most luxurious restaurant of this town.
1. reserve (v) to keep some thing so that it can’t be used by any other person or for any other reason.
2. preserve (v) to keep some thing in its original state or in good condition.
3. preservation (n) the act of keeping some thing in its original state or in good condition.
4. reservation (n) an arrangement for a seat on a plane or in a restaurant, a room in a hotel,... .
5. reservation (n) an area of land in USA that is kept separate for the native American to live in.
Preserve vs. Reserve
“preserve” or “reserve”
2. ………….strength
3. ……………room
4. ……………food
5. ……………old customs
Complete the following sentences, using the appropriate form of the words in the parentheses:
1. The painting in this gallery are in excellent state of................... ( preserve/ reserve)
2. We have always tried to ................peace with our neighbors. (preserve/ reserve)
4. I’ll call the airline and make a.................. for my trip to Ha Noi next week. ( preserve/ reserve)
1. I want to visit Kakadu National Park, which was established in 1979 ....................... the culture of the Aborigines.
to preserve
 I want to visit Kakadu National Park, established in 1979 to preserve the culture of the Aborigines.
2. The man who is talking to the principal is my new flat room.
 The man talking to the principal is my new flat room.
3. Louis Armstrong was the first who landed on the Moon.
 Louis Armstrong was the first man to land on the Moon.
Reduced relative clauses
How many ways are there to reduce relative clauses? What are they?
3 ways to reduce relative clauses: V-ing, V-ed, to infinitives.
?V-ing can be used when the verb of the clause is in active voice.
?V- ed can be used to replace the relative clauses when the verb is passive.
?To infinitives: can be used when the preceding N/Pro N contains the 1st, the 2nd, the only,. or to express a purpose.
Eg. The school founded years ago is still in good condition.
Eg. People working in the office have to wear uniform.
Eg. Jane had a few letters to type.
He is the only one to pass the exam.
Rewrite each of the underlined clauses to create reduced clause:
1. The police are making great efforts to arrest those who kill and purchase wild animals.

2. People should change their inappropriate lifestyle that causesconstruction to natural reserves.

3. There should be some measures to protect the humpback whale, which is considered an endangered species.

…….those killing and purchasing wild animals.
 causing deconstruction to natural resources
......the humpback whale, considered an endangered species.
The rabbit is going to eat the egg.
The egg is going to be eaten by the rabbit.
 The sentence is in passive voice.
*To emphasize the action not the person who carries out it.
The boy was attacked by the dog yesterday.
Write answers to the following questions, using the passive verbs as directed.
1. A: What do you think of the purchase of wild animals?
B: It ................................ ( ban/ Use the modal auxiliary “must” )

2. A: What should be done to conserve the natural environment in the coming year?
B: More activities………………….. ( organize/ use the modal auxiliary “will” )

3. A: How were the Aborigines in Australia treated years ago?
B: They ……………………… to live in reservations.( force/ use the past simple)

4. A: What shouldn’t tourists do in national parks?
B: make campfires there. (not allow/ use the present simple)

must be banned
will be organized
were forced
are not allowed
Thank for your attention !
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