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Unit 09. Natural Disasters. Lesson 3. A Closer Look 2

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Tham khảo cùng nội dung: Bài giảng, Giáo án, E-learning, Bài mẫu, Sách giáo khoa, ...
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Người gửi: nguyễn Thị Thùy Trang
Ngày gửi: 20h:21' 28-02-2018
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Unit 9: Natural diasters
1. Educational aim:
By the end of the lesson, ss will be able to know how to use the grammar points correctly.
2. Knowledge:
- Vocabulary: words related to the topic
- Grammar: Passive voice, past perfect tenses.

3. Skills
Speaking, reading and writing

1. The passive voice: review

2. The past perfect

I. The passive voice: review
a. People speak English all over the world.
English is spoken all over the world.
b.Thousands of people visit the Temple of Literature .
The Temple of Literature is visited by thousands of people
1. Read the conversation in GETTING STARTED and underline any sentences in the passive voice that you can find. Check your findings with a partner.
1. Was anyone injured?
2. ...Only a few minor injuries were reported
3. ...Many houses and public buildings were destroyed ...
4. Thousands of people were left homeless.
5. ... who were trapped in flooded homes
7. They’ve been taken to a safe place
8. ...Temporary accommodation will be provided for them.
Debris (scatter)……………….. across the countryside by the strong winds last night.
Ten new houses (build)…………….in the town every year.
Residents of flooded villages (take)………………to a safe place last night.
In the future, natural disasters (predict)…………………..accurately with the help of technology.
Food and medicals supplies (deliver)………………..…later this afternoon.
2. Complete the sentences using the correct passive form of the verbs in brackets.
was scattered
are built
were taken
will be predicted
will be delivered
Volunteers have given out food and blankets to homeless people.

So far, rescue workers have freed ten people trapped in collapsed buildings.

Did the storm destroy the whole village?

If the storm hit the area, It will cause a lot of damage.

They are going to organise a garden party to raise money for the victims of the flood.

3. Rewrite the following sentences using the correct passive voice.
- Food and blanks have been given out to homeless people (by volunteers)
- Ten people trapped in collapsed buildings have been freed (by the rescue workers) so far
- Was the whole village destroyed (by the storm) ?
- If the area is hit by storm, a lot of damage will be caused
- A garden party is going to be organised to raise money for the victims of the flood.

II. The past pefect

4a. Read part of the converation from getting started. Pay attention to the underlined part.
Nick: Was anyone injured?
Duong: Only a few minor injuries were reported. Most people had moved to safe areas when the storm broke.
(+) Positive
S+ had + past pariciple
Ex: I had left when they came.
(-) Negative
S + had not( hadn’t) + past participle
Ex:: I hadn’t left when they came.
(?) Questions
Had + S +past participle?
Had + S + not + past participle?
Hadn’t +S + past participle?
Short answers to Yes/No questions:
Yes, S + had
No, S + hadn’t
Ex: had you left when they came?
Yes, I had/ No, I hadn’t
1. We use the past perfect to describe an action before a started time in the past

Ex: People had managed to leave the flooded villages by 11 o’clock.
4b. When do we use the past perfect? Can you think of any rules?
2. We use the past perfect to describe an action happened before another action in the past.

Ex: People had already left the flooded villages when rescue workers arrived.
5. Complete the sentences by putting the verbs in brackets into the simple past or past perfect
Most people (leave)……………before the volcano (erupt)…………….
By the time we (arrive)…………… the canyon, It (stop)……….............snowing.
They (spend)……………..the night in the flooded area before help (arrive)………………….
Simon (get)……….lost because he (not take)…………........a map with him.
I (find)………… pen after I (buy)………….........a new one.
had left
had stopped
had spent
hadn’t taken
had bought
6. Work in pairs. Ask and answer the following questions about you
A.What had you learned to do by the time you started primary school?
B.By the time I started primary school, I had learned how to ride a bike.
What had your mother done when you got up last Sunday?

What had you done before you went to bed last night?

What had aleady happened when you arrived at school today?

What had you done before you left school yesterday?

What ha happened by the time you finished your homework yesterday?
Learn by heart new words
Do these exercises B 1,2 in page 19 in workbook
Prepare Unit 9: Communication
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