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Unit 9. Natural Disasters. Lesson 3. A Closer Look 2

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Tham khảo cùng nội dung: Bài giảng, Giáo án, E-learning, Bài mẫu, Sách giáo khoa, ...
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Người gửi: bùi thị chin
Ngày gửi: 21h:07' 01-12-2021
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forest fire
Teacher: Bui Thi Chin
1. Read the conversation in GETTING STARTED and underline any sentences in the passive voice that you can find. Check your findings with a partner.
1. Was anyone injured?
2. ...Only a few minor injuries were reported
3. ...Many houses and public buildings were destroyed ...
4. Thousands of people were left homeless.
5. ... who were trapped in flooded homes
7. They’ve been taken to a safe place
8. ...Temporary accommodation will be provided for them.
 Form:
S + BE + Past participle (PP)...
6. ... And equipment have also been sent
Debris (scatter)…………....……across the countryside by the strong winds last night.
Ten new house (build)…………….in the town every year.
Residents of flooded villages (take)………………to a safe place last night.
In the future, natural disasters (predict) …………………. accurately with the help of technology.
Food and medicals supplies (deliver)………………...…..later this afternoon.
2. Complete the sentences using the correct passive form of the verbs in brackets.
was scattered
are built
were taken
will be predicted
will be delivered

GRAMMAR: The passive form:
People speak English all over the world.
S + V + O .....
S+ (to) BE + PP ...... By O
is spoken
all over the world
by people
1. Volunteers have given out food and blankets to homeless people.

2. So far, rescue workers have freed ten people trapped in collapsed buildings.

3. Did the storm destroy the whole village?

4. If the storm hit the area, It will cause a lot of damage.

5. They are going to organise a garden party to raise money for the victims of the flood.

3. Rewrite the following sentences using the correct passive voice.
- Food and blanks have been given out to homeless people (by volunteers)
- Ten people trapped in collaped buildings have been freed (by the rescue workers) so far
- Was the whole village destroyed by the storm ?
- If the area is hit by the storm, a lot of damage will be caused
- A garden is going to organized to raise money for the victims of the flood.
Nick : Was anyone injured?
Duong: Only a few minor injuries were reported. Most people had moved to safe areas when the storm broke.
4a. Read part of the conversation from getting started Pay attention to the underlined part.
Past perfect tense
S + had + past participle
+ Most people had moved to safe areas when the storm broke.
- Most people hadn’t moved to safe areas when the storm broke.
? Had Most people moved to safe areas when the storm broke?
=>We use the past perfect to describe an action before a started time in the past

b. When do we use the past perfect? Can you think of any rules?
=>We use the past perfect to describe an action happened before another action in the past.
Ex: People had managed to leave the flooded villages by 11 o’clock last night
Ex: People had already left the flooded villages when rescue workers arrived.
by 11 o’clock last night
when rescue workers arrived
5.Complete the sentences by putting the verbs in brackets into the simple past or past perfect
Most people (leave)………….…. before the vocano (erupt)………..
By the time we (arrive)…………. at the canyon, It (stop)……….............snowing.
They (spend)…………… the night in the floded are before help(arrive)……….
Simon (get)……….lost because he (not take) ………………... a map with him.
I (find)………… pen after I (buy)…………... a new one.
had left
had stopped
had spent
hadn’t taken
has bought
Ask and answer the questions
Do home work
Go to school
- What had he done before he went to school?
- Before he went to school, he had done his homework?
Go to bed
Watch TV
- What had she done by the time she went to bed?
- By the time she went to bed, she had watched TV
- What had you do before you went to school this morning?
What had your mother done when you got up last Sunday?
What had you done before you went to bed last night?
What had already happened when you arrived at school today?
What had you done before you left school yesterday?
What had happened by the time you finished your homework yesterday?
=>Before I went to school this morning, I had got up, .
I had washed my face
6.Work in pairs. Ask and answer the following questions about you
I had got dressed
I had had breakfast
* Homework:
- Learn vocabulary by heart and rewrite them in sentences.
Redo the exercise in your notebook.
Ask and answer part 6 again
- Prepare for communication of Unit 9
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