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12099162 Kính chào các thầy, cô. Khi cài đặt phần mềm , trên PowerPoint và Word sẽ mặc định xuất hiện menu Bộ công cụ Violet để thầy, cô có thể sử dụng các tính năng đặc biệt của phần mềm ngay trên PowerPoint và Word. Tuy nhiên sau khi cài đặt phần mềm , với nhiều máy tính sẽ...
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Nhắn tin cho tác giả
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Người gửi: Hoàng Minh Tú
Ngày gửi: 22h:30' 03-12-2007
Dung lượng: 4.1 MB
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The Japanese greet each other by bowing.
The indispensable basics
Never enter a house with your shoes.

When you are invited into a Japanese family, bring a small present or "omiyage“

Say "o-jama shimasu" (sorry for disturbing) while entering someone's house.

Refrain from blowing your nose in front of other people. Japanese only use paper tissue for this.

You should not eat while standing or walking in the street.
Do not point your finger, feet or chopsticks at people.
Avoid being expressing your opinion too directly.
Avoid interrupting people when they are speaking or thinking about an answer.
Do not use your mobile phone in trains
Money should be given in an envelope


Before you begin your meal in Japan, you say "itadakimasu“.

After you are done with your meal you say "gochisosama (deshita)" which means thank you for the meal.
Never place chopsticks stuck vertically into a bowl of food, as this is the traditional presentation form for an offering to one's ancestors.
Women should cup their other hand beneath their serving when using chopsticks when conveying food from dish/bowl to mouth. Men should not do this.
You must not talk about toilet and other deappetizing topics during or before your meal since this is not appreciated by most people.

One should always clean one's hands before dining with the hot steamed towel provided.
It is perfectly acceptable, rather, encouraged to make a slurping noise when eating hot noodles such as udon, ramen or soba.
When taking a break from eating during a meal, one should place one's chopsticks on the chopstick rest (hashi-oki) provided
Don't blow your nose at the table.

* Unlike Korean table manners, it is acceptable to cradle one's rice bowl in one hand when eating.
* One should not gesture using chopsticks.
* Japanese soup is eaten holding the bowl to one's mouth, never with a spoon.
* The host will invite the guest to drink or eat, even though something may have been already served. Wait for the host to say "please" or "dozo" before you dig in

* Don't reach across the table for items such as cream or sugar, but wait to be offered. If you're not offered these items, drink your coffee black!
* Subordinates to the key players may eat or drink only after their superiors have begun.
* Toasting is a commonplace practise in Japan, usually with beer or sake.
* It is considered good manners if you empty your plate to the last grain of rice.

Once you finish your meal, you must rearrange your dishes in the same way as they were at the stat of the meal.
In communal dining or drinking, the youngest person present should pour alcohol for the other members of the party, serving the most senior person first.
You should not start drinking until everyone at the table is served and the glasses are raised for a drinking salute, which is usually 'kampai'. You should also avoid 'chin chin' when drinking a toast because this expression in Japanese refers to the male genitals

Take the rice bowl into one hand and the chopsticks into the other and lift it towards your mouth while eating. Do not pour soya sauce over white, cooked rice.
It is acceptable to eat sushi with one's fingers, rather than chopsticks, if the dining situation is relatively casual.
Pour some soya sauce into a the small plate provided.
You do not need to add wasabi into your soya sauce.
In general, you are supposed to eat a sushi piece in one bite.
Give some soya sauce into a small plate provided.
Put some wasabi on the sashimi piece, but do not use too much wasabi as this would overpower the taste of the raw fish and possibly offend the chef.
Use the sauce for dipping the sashimi pieces. Some types of sashimi are enjoyed with ground ginger rather than wasabi.
Miso Soup
Drink the soup out of the bowl as if it were a cup, and fish out the solid food pieces with your chopsticks.
Lead the noodles with your chopsticks step by step into your mouth.
Try to copy the slurping sound of people around you.
KareRaisu Kare Raisu (Japanese style curry rice) and other rice dishes, in which the rice is mixed with a sauce and may become a little bit difficult to eat with chopsticks, are often eaten with large spoons rather than chopsticks.

Separate the piece with your chopsticks or just bite off a piece and put the rest back onto your plate.
Big pieces of food
(e,g: prawn tempura, tofu)
Japanese clothing and traditional japanese clothes much like U.S. clothing is worn to compliment the seasons. The traditional forms of Japanese clothing in general is called wafuku. Japanese clothing and japanese clothes are worn also based off a persons age or by the event.
Japanese Clothes and Seasons
Japanese Clothes and Events
Japanese Clothes and Age
Traditional Japanese Clothing Types
Japanese Clothes and Seasons
In the spring, bright colors and spring floral patterned japanese clothing is worn.

In autumn, japanese clothes with fall colors and fall patterns are worn.

In the winter, japanese clothing with patterns and designs such as the bamboo, pine trees or plum blossoms or worn for they signify good luck and prosperity.

In the summer, cotton clothes are worn whereas in the fall and winter, heavier or lined clothing is worn. 
Customarily, woven patterns, dyed clothing and repetitive patterns are considered informal japanese clothing. These types of japanese clothes would be used as daily wear, for bath houses or for informal friend and family visits. 

Formal japanese clothing normally takes on either of two characteristics; very elaborate designs or a simple elegant designs. The more elegant designs, subdued colors or solid pattern formal japanese clothes would be worn for paying formal visits, funerals or by married women for weddings or formal functions.    
Japanese Clothes and Events
Japanese Clothes and Age
Young unmarried women wear kimono with long sleeves that are very vibrant, colorful and rich with patterns.

Married women or older women would wear simpler more subdued clothes.

Traditional Japanese Clothing Types

Kimono - meaning clothing or things to wear is the basic japanese clothing
Yukata - the summer kimono
Nagajugan - undergarments
Clothing Accessories - obi, shoes, socks, etc.
Haori - short silk jackets
Michiyuki - Overcoats
Uchikake - most formal kimono
Shiro-maku - wedding kimono
The Japanese tea ceremony (cha-no-yu, chado, or sado) is a traditional ritual influenced by Zen Buddhism in which powdered green tea, or matcha , is ceremonially prepared by a skilled practitioner and served to a small group of guests in a tranquil setting.
Chakin, Fukusa : cloth used to ritually cleans the tea bowl, the tea scoop, and to handle hot kettle or pot lids
Ladle: bamboo ladle, is used to transfer water to and from the iron pot and the fresh water container in certain ceremonies
Tea bowl: Tea bowls are available in a wide range of sizes and styles, and different styles are used for thick and thin tea
Tea scoop: Tea scoops are carved from a single piece of bamboo or ivory.
Whisk : Tea whisks are carved from a single piece of bamboo. There are thick and thin whisks for thick and thin tea
Tea ceremony
The host, male or female, wears a kimono, while guests may wear kimono or subdued formal wear.

If the tea is to be served in a separate tea house rather than a tea room, the guests will wait in a garden shelter until summoned by the host.

Conversation is kept to a minimum throughout.

After all the guests have taken tea, the host cleans the utensils in preparation for putting them away.

A tea ceremony can last between one hour and four to five hours, depending on the type of ceremony performed, the number of guests, and the types of meal and tea served.
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