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Unit 3. Peoples of Viet Nam. Lesson 5. Skills 1

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Nguồn:
Người gửi: Nguyễn Trọng Nhân
Ngày gửi: 22h:01' 18-10-2022
Dung lượng: 18.9 MB
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ENGLISH 8

WARM UP
Match the word in column A with its
definition in column B

A
1. forest

B
A. a community of people smaller than a town
B. a small house in the country.
2. stream C. the trees and other plants in a large densely
wooded area.
3. village
D. a steep descent of the water of a river.
E. domesticated bovine animals such as
4. lake
cows, buffaloes…
5. cottage F. grass mowed and cured for use as fodder.
G. a piece of land cleared of trees and usually
6. field
enclosed.
7. waterfall H. land covered with grass and other low
plants suitable for grazing animals.
8. hay
I. a body of (usually fresh) water surrounded
by land.
9. pasture J. a natural body of running water flowing on
or under the earth.
10. cattle

Answer key:
A
1. forest

B
C. the trees and other plants in a large densely
wooded area.
2. stream J. a natural body of running water flowing on
or under the earth.
3. village
A. a community of people smaller than a town
4. lake
I. a body of (usually fresh) water surrounded
by land.
5. cottage B. a small house in the country.
6. field
G. a piece of land cleared of trees and usually
enclosed.
7. waterfall D. a steep descent of the water of a river.
8. hay
F. grass mowed and cured for use as fodder.
9. pasture H. land covered with grass and other low
plants suitable for grazing animals.
10. cattle E. domesticated bovine animals such as
cows, buffaloes…

UNIT 3
LESSON 5:
The H'Mong

SKILLS 1

READING

Vocabulary:

- experienced /ɪkˈspɪəriənst/ (a)

: có kinh nghiệm

- dig – dug – dug /dɪg - dʌg/ (v)

: đào

- canal /kə'næl/ (n)

: con kênh

- burnt-out land /ˈbɜːntaʊt lænd/ (n)

: mảnh đất đốt rừng làm rẫy

- bamboo items /ˌbæmˈbuːˈaɪtəmz/ (n)

: vật dụng bằng tre

- weave /wiːv/ (v)

: dệt (vải)

- unique /juˈniːk/ (a)

: độc đáo

- ornament /ˈɔːnəmənt/ (n)

: đồ (vật) trang trí

- worship /ˈwɜːʃɪp/ (v)

: thờ cúng

- ancestor /ˈænsestə(r)/ (n)

: ông bà, tổ tiên

- alternating song /ˌɔːltəneɪtɪŋ/ (n)

: bài hát giao duyên

Checking vocabulary:
- experienced /ɪkˈspɪəriənst/ (a)

: có kinh nghiệm

- dig – dug – dug /dɪg - dʌg/ (v)

: đào

- canal /kə'næl/ (n)

: con kênh

- burnt-out land /ˈbɜːntaʊt lænd/ (n)

: mãnh đất đốt rừng làm rẫy

- bamboo items /ˌbæmˈbuːˈaɪtəmz/ (n)

: vật dụng bằng tre

- weave /wiːv/ (v)

: dệt (vải)

- unique /juˈniːk/ (a)

: độc đáo

- ornament /ˈɔːnəmənt/ (n)

: đồ (vật) trang trí

- worship /ˈwɜːʃɪp/ (v)

: thờ cúng

- ancestor /ˈænsestə(r)/ (n)

: ông bà, tổ tiên

- alternating song /ˌɔːltəneɪtɪŋ/ (n)

: bài hát giao duyên

1. Work in pairs. Answer the questions.

1. Where do the Thai people live?
They live in the northern mountainous region. 
2. What is their population?
The Thai have a population of about one
and a half million people.

Now read the text and check your answers.

The Thai have a population of about one and a
half million people living in the provinces of Lai
Chau, Son La, Yen Bai, Hoa Binh, Thanh Hoa,
and Nghe An. The Thai language belongs to the
Tay - Thai group.
The Thai are experienced farmers. They dig canals
to bring water to their fields. Their main food is
rice, especially sticky rice. The Thai also grow
other crops on burnt-out land. They raise cattle
and poultry for their own use. They also make
bamboo items, and weave cloth. Thai cloth is wellknown for being unique, colourful and strong.

Recently, Thai men prefer to wear the Kinh's
style of dress, while Thai women keep their
traditional costumes including short blouses,
long skirts, scarves and ornaments. The Thai live
in houses on stilts. Their villages comprise 40 to
50 houses, usually built side by side.
The Thai worship their ancestors. Every year
they hold festivals and ceremonies with
alternating songs between boys and girls, and
many traditional games.

2. Complete each sentence, using a word from
the text.
farmers
1. The Thai are good __________.
They grow
different crops.
2. They can make household items from the
bamboo
__________
tree.

stilt
3. The Thai live in _________
houses.
4. They have a rich culture including folk
songs
_________
and games.

ceremonies
5. Many festivals and _______________
are held
by the Thai people every year.

3. Answer the questions.
1. Do the Thai people have their own language?
Yes, they do.
2. What is the main food of the Thai people?
Their main food is rice.
3. What is the Thai cloth well-known for?
It is well-known for being unique, colourful and
strong.
4. Which still wear their traditional costumes,
Thai men or Thai women?
Thai women do.
5. Who do the Thai worship?
They worship their ancestors.

SPEAKING

4. Read some facts about the Bru-Van Kieu
people and the Khmer people.
The Bru-Van Kieu people
Population: about 74,500
Regions: Quang Binh,
Quang Tri,Thua Thien – Hue
Language: Mon-Khmer group
Production activities: growing rice, terraced fields,
raising cattle and poultry
Festivals: ceremony held before sowing seeds

4. Read some facts about the Bru-Van Kieu
people and the Khmer people.
The Khmer people
Population: about 1,260,600
Regions: provinces of
Mekong Delta
Language: Mon-Khmer group, writing
system
Production activities: growing rice, raising cattle and
poultry, making sugar
Festivals: two main holidays: Chaul Chnam Thmey

Work in groups. Choose one of the two ethnic groups
and talk about it. 

Model talk 1:
The population of the Bru-Van Kieu people is about
74,500 people. They mostly live in the provinces of
Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue. Their
language is Mon-Khmer. They grow rice on terraced
fields, raise cattle and poultry to earn a living. Their
main festival is held before sowing seeds.

Work in groups. Choose one of the two ethnic groups
and talk about it. 

Model talk 2:
Khmer people has a population of about 1,260,600
people. They mostly live in provinces of Mekong Delta.
Their language is Mon-Khmer group and the writing
system. They grow rice, raise cattle and poultry, make
sugar for living. They have 2 main festivals: Chaul
Chnam Thmey (New Year) and Greeting - the - Moon
festival.

5. Talk about YOUR own ethnic group.

Model talk 1:

My own ethnic group is the Viet (also called the Kinh).
The Viet live everywhere in the country. We have the
largest population. Our cuisine culture varies from
North to South. We also celebrate many festivals
during the year. We have the traditional costume: Ao
Dai, Ao Ba Ba.

Model talk 2:
The Kinh, also called the Viet people, is the majority
ethnic group of Vietnam, comprising about 86% of the
population. The Kinh people settle along the whole
Vietnam. Vietnamese is the native language of the
Vietnamese (Kinh) people, as well as a first or second
language for the many ethnic minorities of Vietnam.
Rice cultivation is the main economic activity of the
Kinh. They also raise cattle and poultry. They often
celebrate a lot of festivals during the year. They have
the traditional costumes such as Ao Dai and Ao Ba Ba.

Model talk 3:

The Bahnar is an ethnic group of Vietnam living primarily
in the Central Highland provinces of Gia Lai and Kon Tum,
as well as the coastal provinces of Binh Dinh and Phu Yen.
They speak a language in the Mon-Khmer language family.
Like many of the other ethnic groups of Vietnam's Central
Highlands, the Bahnar play a great number of traditional
musical instruments, including gongs and string instruments
made from bamboo. These instruments are sometimes
played in concert on special occasions.

- Learn the new words by heart.
- Read the text on page+ 32 again.
- Do exercises D 2 in workbook (page
21)
- Prepare a talk about your own ethnic
group.
- Prepare for Unit 3: Skill 2

Goodbye!
See you again!
 
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