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Unit 4. School education system

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Tham khảo cùng nội dung: Bài giảng, Giáo án, E-learning, Bài mẫu, Sách giáo khoa, ...
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Tran Van Lam High School
Class: 12X1
October 22nd, 2021
Watching a funny film
Tom catches Jerry
Jerry is caught by Tom
active
passive
SCHOOL EDUCATION SYSTEM
UNIT 4
E. LANGUAGE FOCUS
I. Pronunciation:
Stress in three-syllable words
1. Những từ tận cùng bằng những tiếp vị ngữ như: -sion, -tion, -ic, -ical, -ity, -ial, -ially, -itive, -logy, -etry, -cious, -tious thường có trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết đứng trước tiếp vị ngữ đó.
Ex: a`bility, bi`ology, `musical, e`sentially
Except: `television, `politics…
* Một số quy tắc về trọng âm
2. Những từ tận cùng bằng những tiếp vị ngữ như: -ate, -ise, -ous, -ary thường có trọng âm rơi vào âm tiết thứ 3 tính từ sau lên.
Ex: fortunate, necessary, dictionary
Ex: mainTAIN, addresSEE, questioNAIRE, engiNEER, volunTEER. technique
3. Những từ tận cùng bằng những tiếp vị ngữ như: -ee, -eer, -ese, -ain, -aire, - ique, -esque thường có trọng âm rơi vào chính tiếp vị ngữ này.
4. Một số tiếp đầu ngữ và tiếp vị ngữ không làm thay đổi trọng âm chính của từ gốc
- Một số tiếp đầu ngữ: un-, im-, ir-, dis-, il-, non-, re-, over-, pre- và under-
Ex: `possible (có thể) → im`possible (không thể)
`estimate (ước tính) → under`estimate
Ex: `possible (có thể) → im`possible (không thể)
`estimate (ước tính) → under`estimate
- Một số tiếp vị ngữ: -ment, -ship, -ness, -er/or, -hood, -logy, -grahpy, -ing, -ise, -en, -full, -less, -able, -ous, -ly
Ex: de`velop → de`velopment
`Careless → `carelessness
Algebra Carefully Politics Physical
Chemistry Academic Primary Statistics
Computing Cinema Compulsory September
* Practice: Listen and repeat
* The GCSE stands for the General Certificate of secondary education.
* English, Maths and Science are compulsory in the national
examination at certain stages of the school education system.
* The national curriculum is usually set by the government.
* The typical school day normally finished at 3.00 pm in England.
* The academic school year generally commences in September .
* Practise reading these sentences
UNIT 4
E. LANGUAGE FOCUS
I. Pronunciation
II. Grammar
SCHOOL EDUCATION SYSTEM
Review the passive voice
General form: to be + Vp.p
Active:
Passive:
S +
O
S +
BE + V3, ed +
V +
By +O
Ex:
The dog bit the boy
The boy was bitten by the dog
S +
O
S +
BE + V3, ed +
V +
By +O
1. Passive voice in simple present tense :
S + is/am/are + V p.p
Ex: My cat catches a mouse
A mouse is caught by my cat
2. Passive voice in present continuous tense :
S + is/am/are + being + V p.p
People are building a house for an old woman
A house is being built for an old woman
Ex:
3. Passive voice in simple past tense :
S + was/were + V 3/ed
Ex: They rebuilt a new school in Vinh Binh last year
A new school was rebuilt in Vinh Binh last year
4. Passive voice in past continuous tense :
S + was/were + being + V 3/ed
5. Passive voice in present perfect tense
6. Passive voice in past perfect tense
S + have/has + been + V 3/ed
S + had + been + V 3/ed
7. Passive voice in future simple tense:
S + will + be + V p.p
8. Passive voice in modal verbs.
can
could
S + must + be + V3/ed
might
will / shall
….
9. Passive voice with “to be going to.”
S + is/am/are + going to be + V 3/ed
10. Passive voice with “have to.”
S + have to/ has to + be + V 3/ed
Answers
1. is divided
2. is separated
3. is set / must be followed
4. is made
5. is paid
6. are selected

Exercise 1: Fill each blank with the simple present passive form of the verb in brackets.
Exercise 2
Rewrite the following sentences using the passive voice
1. They built this school in 1997.
2. They first published this dictionary in 1870
3. The students in my class are going to organize a surprise party tomorrow evening.
4. They are painting the kitchen now.
5. Shakespeare wrote “ Romeo and Juliet” in 1605.
6. They have translated Shakespeare’s tragedies into many languages.
7. They have just built a new primary school in my village.
8. They will speak English at the conference
9. Jane hasn’t cleaned the floor yet.
10. They will repaint the house soon.
1. They built this school in 1997.
This school was built in 1997
2. They first published this dictionary in 1870
This dictionary was first published in 1870
3. The students in my class are going to organize a surprise party tomorrow evening.
A surprise party is going to be organized by my class tomorrow evening
4. They are painting the kitchen now.
The chicken is being painted now
5. Shakespeare wrote “ Romeo and Juliet” in 1605.
“Romeo and Juliet” was written by Shakespeare in 1605
6. They have translated Shakespeare’s tragedies into many languages.


7. They have just built a new primary school in my village.


8. They will speak English at the conference

9. Jane hasn’t cleaned the floor yet.

10. They will repaint the house soon

Thanks very much for your attention!
good bye and see you again!
2. They first published this dictionary in 1870
This dictionary was first published in 1870.
3. The students in my class are going to organize a surprise party tomorrow evening?
A surprise party is going to be organized by the students in my class tomorrow evening.
4. They are painting the kitchen now.
The kitchen is being painted now.
5. Shakespeare wrote “Romeo and Juliet” in 1605.
“ Romeo and Juliet” was written by Shakespeare in 1605.
6. They have translated Shakespeare’s tragedies into many languages.
Shakespeare’s tragedies have been translated into many languages.
7. They have just built a new primary school in my village.
A new primary school has been built in your village.
8 They will speak English at the conference
B: English will be spoken at the conference.
9. Jane hasn’t cleaned the floor yet.
The floor hasn’t been cleaned yet by Jane.
10. They will repaint the house soon.
The house will be repainted soon.
 
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