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passive voice

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Nguồn: Pham Thi Ngoc Thu
Người gửi: Phạm Thị Ngọc Thu
Ngày gửi: 06h:04' 30-10-2018
Dung lượng: 5.5 MB
Số lượt tải: 41
Số lượt thích: 0 người
Thursday, February 22nd 2017
Welcome to our class
Teacher: Pham Thi Ngoc Thu
Thursday, February 22nd 2017
PASSIVE VOICE
By the end of the lesson, you will be able to :
- revise and condolidate when to use passive voive; how to form passive voice of present tenses, past simple and model verbs;
- use passive voice to do some exercises.
Thursday, February 22nd 2017
PASSIVE VOICE
1. When to use passive voice
- We don’t know the doer of the action.
- The doer of the action is obvious
- The receiver of the action is the subject and the doer of the action is not important
-> The agent is unknown/ obvious/ not important.
he
Thursday, February 22nd 2017
PASSIVE VOICE
2. How to form passive voice
Ex: Someone plants a tree
Someone
S
plants
V
a tree
O
->
A tree
plant
is
ed
Workers are repairing the road.
S
V3
be
Workers
are repairing
is
repair
the road.
The road
S
V
O
->
Passive:
being
ed
S
be
being
V3
Passive:
The police have arrested the thief.
The police
have arrested
S
V
the thief.
O
The thief
has
arrest
->
been
ed
S
has
been
V3
Passive:
Be + V3
You must do your test again.
A thief broke my house yesterday.
A thief
broke
my house
My house was broken yesterday.
S
V
O
S
be
V3
You
must do
your test
S
V
O
Your test must be done again.
S
must
be
V3
Thursday, February 22nd 2017
PASSIVE VOICE
Tenses
Present simple
Present continuous
Present perfect
Past simlpe
Model verbs
Active
* Complete the table
Passive
V (s,es)
is, are,am + V -ing
have, has + V3
V 2/ed
Will, can,…+ V (inf)
Is, are, am + V3

Thursday, February 22nd 2017
PASSIVE VOICE
Tenses
Present simple
Present continuous
Present perfect
Past simlpe
Model verbs
Active
2. How to form passive voice
Passive
V (s,es)
is, are,am + V -ing
have, has + V3
V 2/ed
Will, can,…+ V (inf)
Is, are, am + V3
is, are,am + being + V3
have, has + been+ V 3
was, were + V3
Will, can,…+ be + V3
Watch out! In passive voice, If we want to mention the agent, we use “by + O” in the sentence. It will go before adverb of time, after afverb of place.
- If the agent is “someone, people, they, he,she, it”, we can obmit “by + O”.
Thursday, February 22nd 2017
PASSIVE VOICE
3. Practice
1.Ten new houses (build) ………………… in the town every year.
2.Residents of flooded villages (take) …………… to a safe place last night.
3. A new bridge (build) ………………………… across the river now.
4. So far many Christmas cards (send) …………………….
5.In the future, natural disasters (predict) ………………………. accurately with the help of technology.
6. ………….… the letters (deliver) ………………………… yet ?.
7. Where …………... the 1988 Olympic Games (hold)…………………?
8. The flowers (not sell) …………………….. at the moment.
are built
were taken
Is being built
have been sent
will be predicted
Have
been deliverd
was
held
are not being sold
* Exercise 1. Put the right forms of the verbs in the banket.
Thursday, February 22nd 2017
PASSIVE VOICE
3. Practice
5. Americans read newspapers every day.
1. The boy broke the window yesterday.
2. You must finish your homework before you go out.
3. The strong wind has blown down many trees.
4. A student pilot is flying that airplane.
5. Newspaper are read by Americians every day.
4. That airplane is being flown by a student pilot.
3. Many trees have been blown down by the strong wind.
2. Your homework must be finished before you go out.
1. The window was broken by the boy yesterday.
* Exercise 2. Rewrire sentences using passive voice.
Hello everybody, Today, I’m going to introduce some interesting places of my city.
* Being a tourist guide
This is the hydroelectric dam. It/build/in 1979
This is our new urban area. So far many tall buildings/ build. And a lot of green trees / plant /along the street.
Uncle Ho Monument/ visit/many tourists/ every year.
And my school / locate / on the left side of Da river.
Hello everybody, Today, I’m going to introduce some interesting places in my city.
* Being a tourist guide
This is the hydroelectric dam. It was built in 1979
This is our new urban area. So far many tall buildings have been built. And a lot of green trees have been planted along the street.
Uncle Ho Monument is visited by many tourists every year.
And my school is located on the left side of Da river.
HOMEWORK
1. Learn by heart the usage and the form of Passve voice.
2. Write more than 4 sentences to talk about your neighbourhood using passive voice
THANK FOR
YOUR ATTENTION!
 
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