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Unit 2. Relationships. Lesson 2. Language

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Tham khảo cùng nội dung: Bài giảng, Giáo án, E-learning, Bài mẫu, Sách giáo khoa, ...
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Người gửi: Phạm Quốc Khánh
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Unit 2- Relationships
Lesson 2: Language
: tan vỡ chia tay
: mối quan hệ lãng mạn
: lắng nghe
: đang hẹn hò
: hòa giải
romantic relationship
be in a relationship
break up (with S.O)
be reconciled (with S.O)
lend an ear
sympathetic (a)
argument (n)
have got a date
I. VOCABULARY
: tranh luận (cãi) = row
: thông cảm
: có cuộc hẹn hò
1. Write the words given in the box next to their meanings.


have got a date
(with someone)
be reconciled
(with someone)
break up
(with someone)
argument
be in a relationship
sympathetic
lend an ear
romantic relationship
5.
6.
1. Carol was willing to __________ to John when he _________ with his girlfriend.
2. James and his father were _________ after an argument.
3. Their close friendship turned into a __________________
4. Ann and John are ______________ but are always having a lot of __________.
5. I feel really excited because I _____________ with Laura tomorrow.
6. A true friend is someone who is __________ and always willing to help.
2. Complete the sentences with the words or phrases in 1.
lend an ear
broke up
reconciled
romantic relationship
in a relationship
arguments
have got a date
sympathetic
a. Noun / pronoun, etc. + verbs
The short form `s (= is/has) can be used after nouns, pronouns, question words, here and there.
The short forms `d (= had/would), `ll (= will/shall) and `re (= are) are usually used after pronouns, some question words, short nouns, and there.
Full forms are used at the end of a clause (e.g. Yes, he is.)
Or when the speaker wants to emphasize some information, hence the primary stress on the full form (e.g. He HAS done it, not WILL do it.).
II. PRONUNCIATION:
Contractions
b. Verbs + not
There are two possible contractions for negative expressions. (e.g. She`s not... / She isn`t...)
Negative contractions can be used at the end of a clause. (e.g. No, they haven`t.)
II. PRONUNCIATION:
A. Contractions
1. Find the contracted forms in the conversation and write their full forms in the space below.
M: (on the phone) ... OK, bye-bye. See you tomorrow.
MG: Who was that?
M: Oh, one of my classmates, Granny.
MG: It was Nam that called you again. Right?
M: Yes. He called about our grammar homework.
MG: You shouldn`t talk to him all the time. I don`t want to be too strict with you, but... I think you`re too young to start a relationship with a boy.
M: Granny, we`re just friends, and he`s not my boyfriend.
MG: Well, I`m afraid there`s no real friendship between a boy and a girl. You know, Mai, I`m worried you`ll get involved in a romantic relationship sooner or later.
M: Don`t worry. Granny. Nam and my other friends are good students. We just talk about schoolwork and things like that.
MG: I don`t know why boys and girls are allowed to be in the same school nowadays. When I was your age, we went to single-sex schools.
M: Didn`t you feel bored?
MG: Of course not. We were like one big family. I had some very close friends.
M: It`s the same in my school. In my class, we`re all good friends and help each other. All my classmates are very kind, caring and sympathetic.
MG: Sounds good. But ... listen, Mai, I hope you`re just friends with the boys. It`s your studies that you should concentrate on
M: I know that, Granny.
= should not
= you are
= do not
= we are
= he is
= I am
= there is
= I am
= you will
= do not
= do not
= did not
= it is
= you are
= it is
= we are
2. Listen and underline what you hear – the contraction or the full form.
1. A: Why won`t you help me with my homework?
B: I will / I`ll. I will / I`ll be with you in a minute.
2. A: You must be pleased with your test results.
B: Yes, I am / I`m.
3. A: I thought he was in Hanoi today.
B: He is / He`s in Hanoi. That`s where he is / he`s calling from.
4. A: Here we are / we`re. This is my place.
B: I did not / didn`t know it`d take two hours to get to your house.
5. A: I have / I`ve been to Hawaii several times.
B: Really? That is / That’s an interesting place to visit, I suppose.
3. Listen and repeat the exchanges in 2.
1. A: Why won`t you help me with my homework?
B: I will. I`ll be with you in a minute.
2. A: You must be pleased with your test results.
B: Yes, I am.
3. A: I thought he was in Hanoi today.
B: He is in Hanoi. That`s where he`s calling from.
4. A: Here we are. This is my place.
B: I didn`t know it`d take two hours to get to your house.
5. A: I`ve been to Hawaii several times.
B: Really? That’s an interesting place to visit, I suppose.
III. GRAMMAR:
A. Linking verbs
Linking verbs do not express action. Instead, they connect the subject of the verb with an adjective or noun that describes or identifies the subject.
We use an adjective or a noun after a linking verb.
Examples:
She became very depressed after her boyfriend left her.
The dessert tastes delicious.
She said she would become a famous singer someday.
1. A: Jane wants to reconcile with her friend.
B: That _________ good.
2. Children become more independent as they __________ older.
3. I can’t _______ awake any longer. I`m sleepy.
4. Turn off the air-conditioner. It`s ________ too cold in here.
5. Getting involved in a romantic relationship does not _______ right for you now. You are too young.
6. Jack broke up with his girlfriend, but he didn’t ___________ sad when I saw him.
1. Choose the verbs in the box to complete the sentences. Make changes to the verb forms, if necessary.
look grow sound get stay seem
look
grow
sounds
/ get
stay
seem
getting
/ seem
2. Underline the correct word to complete the sentences.
1. What s the matter with you? You look (unhappy / unhappily).
2. We greeted the visitors (warm / warmly) and made them feel welcome.
3. John (sudden / suddenly) appeared from behind the door and said hello to us.
4. Ann felt (excited/ excitedly) when Alan suggested a date.
5. Who is he shouting at? He sounds very (angry / angrily).
6. He kept beeping the car horn loudly and the other drivers got (annoyed / annoyingly).
7. Last night`s leftover food in the fridge smells (awful / awfully). Don`t eat it.
8. Tomato plants will grow very (quick / quickly) in warm and sunny weather.
unhappy
warmly
suddenly
excited
angry
annoyed
awful
quickly
• Cleft sentences are used when we want to focus on a particular part in the sentence.
• The focus is put after It is / was. The part of the sentence we don`t want to emphasize is put into a clause beginning with that.
B. Cleft sentences with It is / was...that...
It is/was + focus + that...
Examples:
John found a gold coin in his garden.
(basic sentence with no particular focus)
It was John that / who found a gold coin in his garden. (focus on John)
It was a gold coin that John found in his garden. (focus on a gold coin)
It was in his garden that John found a gold coin, (focus on his garden)
NOTES
- In cleft sentences, ‘that’ is commonly used after the focus. When the focus is on a person, ‘who’ can be used in a more formal style.
- When the focus / emphasized subject is a pronoun (I, you,...), there are two possibilities for formal and informal styles.
Examples:
- Formal: It is I who am responsible.
It is you who are responsible.
- Informal: It`s me that is responsible.
It`s you that is responsible.
Her sad story made me cry.
2. You are to blame for the damage.
3. We really enjoy hiking in the forest.
4. You should really speak to your parents when you have problems.
5. I dislike his dishonesty the most.
6. Lana is in a relationship with Jim.
7. He became successful as a famous writer at the age of 20.
8. They had their first date in a nice coffee shop.
1. Rewrite each sentence to emphasize the underlined part.
Her sad story made me cry.

2. You are to blame for the damage.

3. We really enjoy hiking in the forest.

4. You should really speak to your parents when you have problems.
It was her sad story that made me cry.
It is you that (who) are blame for the damage.
It is hiking in the forest that we really enjoy.
It is your parents that (who) you should speak to when you have problems.
5. I dislike his dishonesty the most.

6. Lana is in a relationship with Jim.

7. He became successful as a famous writer at the age of 20.

8. They had their first date in a nice coffee shop.
It is his dishonesty that I dislike the most.
It is Jim that (who) Lana is in a relationship with.
It was at the age of 20 that he became successful.
It was in a nice coffee shop that they had their first date.
1. Did you have a date with Susan? (Mary)
No. It was Mary that I had a date with.
2. Did your father give you a new bike for your birthday? (a smartphone)
3. Are you going to spend the holiday in Nha Trang with your family? (in Tokyo)
4. Do you want to become a businessman? (a lawyer)
5. Does John earn 10,000 dollars a month? (his brother)
6. Is Mai in love with Phong? (Ha)
7. Can you speak three languages fluently? (my friend)
8. Do we have a meeting at8p.m. tomorrow? (at 8 a.m.)
2. Write the answers to these questions. Use the words or phrases in brackets as the focus.
2. Did your father give you a new bike for your birthday? (a smartphone)

3. Are you going to spend the holiday in Nha Trang with your family? (in Tokyo)

4. Do you want to become a businessman? (a lawyer)
2. Write the answers to these questions. Use the words or phrases in brackets as the focus.
No. It was a smart phone that he gave me for my birthday.
No. It is in Tokyo that we are going to spend the holiday.
No. It is a lawyer that I want to become.
5. Does John earn 10,000 dollars a month? (his brother)

6. Is Mai in love with Phong? (Ha)

7. Can you speak three languages fluently? (my friend)


8. Do we have a meeting at 8p.m. tomorrow? (at 8 a.m.)
2. Write the answers to these questions. Use the words or phrases in brackets as the focus.
No. It is John’s brother that (who) earn 10,000 dollars a month.
No. It is Ha that (who) Mai is in love with.
No. It is my friend that (who) can speak three languages fluently.
No. It is at 8 a.m. tomorrow that we have a meeting.
Homework
- Learn new words by heart.
- Study the ways to make contractions.
- Study the ways to use linking verbs and how to make cleft sentences.
- Prepare: SKILLS (page 22)
- Do exercise in exercise book (page 12, 13, 14)
 
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