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Unit 11. Sources of energy

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Tham khảo cùng nội dung: Bài giảng, Giáo án, E-learning, Bài mẫu, Sách giáo khoa, ...
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Người gửi: Tô Thị Tú Uyên
Ngày gửi: 14h:59' 19-03-2016
Dung lượng: 1.9 MB
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WELCOME TO OUR CLASS
11D
shrimp
Splash
Spring
shrimp
splash
spring
Unit 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY
Period: 66
Part E: LANGUAGE FOCUS
Unit 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY
PART E: LANGUAGE FOCUS

Pronunciation
Grammar
1. Listen and repeat
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
2. Practice the sentences
They were all shrieking with laughter.
He shrugged (his shoulders), saying he didn’t know and didn’t care.
My dad hates shrimp paste.
What a splendid spring day!
The stream splits into three smaller streams at this point.
The house has a narrow front, but it splays out at the back.
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
Michael Jackson is a King of Pop.
He created wonderful dancing types.
Michael Jackson who created wonderful dancing types


is a King of Pop.


Michael Jackson creating wonderful dancing types is a King of Pop.
I. RELATIVE CLAUSES REPLACED BY PRESENT PARTICIPLES (V-ing)
creating
Relative clause in active voice
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
N + who + V (active)
which
that
N + who + V-ing
which
that
Note 1: We can replace a relative clause in active voice with a present participial (V-ing) phrase
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS

Exercise 1. Rewrite the following sentences, using a present participial phrase (page 131).

2. Do you know the woman who is coming toward us ?
→ Do you know the woman coming toward us ?
1. The boy who is playing the piano is Ben.
→The boy playing the piano is Ben.
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
4. The scientists who are researching the causes of cancer are making progress.
→ The scientist researching the causes of cancer are making progress.
3. The people who are waiting for the bus in the rain are getting wet.
→ The people waiting for the bus in the rain are getting wet.
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
5. The fence which surrounds our house is made of wood.

                             
6. We have an apartment which overlooks the park.
—> The fence surrounding our house is made of wood.  
—> We have an apartment overlooking
the park.
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
II. RELATIVE CLAUSES REPLACED BY PAST PARTICIPLES (V-ed/ V3)
My Thuan bridge is one of the longest bridges in Vietnam. It was built by wonderful engineers.
 My Thuan bridge, which was built by wonderful engineers,



is one of the longest bridges in Vietnam.
My Thuan bridge, built by wonderful engineers, is one of the longest bridges in Vietnam.
Relative clause in passive voice
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
Note 2: We can replace a relative clause in passive voice with a past participial
(V-ed/V 3) phrase.

N + who + V (passive)
which
that
N + who + V-ed/V 3
which
that
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
EXERCISE 2: Rewrite the following sentences, using a past participial phrase (page 132).
1. The ideas which are presented in that book are interesting.
→ The ideas presented in that book are interesting.
2. I come from a city that is located in the southern part of the country.
→ I come from a city located in the southern part of the country.
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
3. They live in a house that was built in 1890.
→They live in a house built in 1890.
4. The photograph which was published in the newspaper was extraordinary.
→The photograph published in the newspaper was extraordinary.
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
5.The experiment which was conducted at the University of Chicago was successful.


6. They work in a hospital which was sponsored by the government.


—> The experiment conducted at the University of Chicago was successful.
—> They work in a hospital sponsored by the government.
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
III. RELATIVE CLAUSES REPLACED BY TO INFINITIVES (to-inf)
Example 1:
Neil Armstrong was the first person. He set foot on the moon.
 Neil Armstrong was the first person

who set foot on the moon.
Neil Armstrong was the first person
to set foot on the moon.
Relative clause
to set
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
III. RELATIVE CLAUSES REPLACED BY TO INFINITIVES (to-inf)
Example 2: Here is the form that you must fill in.

Here is the form to fill in.
Relative clause
to fill
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
Note 3: We can replace a relative clause following the first, the second, the last, the only, superlatives…… with an infinitive phrase (to-inf).
The first + (N) + who + V
second which
last that
only
superlatives
The first + (N) + who + to-V
second which
last that
only
superlatives
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
John was the last man who reached the top of the mountain.


2. The last person who leaves the room must turn off the light.



 John was the last man to reach the top of the mountain.
Exercise 3. Rewrite the following sentences, using an infinite phrase (page 132).
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70– LANGUAGE FOCUS
 The last person to leave the room must turn off the light.
3. The first person that we must see is
Mr. Smith.

This is the second person who was killed in that way.

5.The first person who catches the ball will be the winner.

 The first person to see is Mr. Smith.
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70– LANGUAGE FOCUS
This is the second to be killed in that way.
The first person to catch the ball
will be the winner.
Choose the best answer A,B,C, or D for the following sentences.
1. The man who spoke to me was very helpful.
The man spoke to me was very helpful.
The man speaking to me was very helpful.
The man to speak to me was very helpful.
The man spoken to me was very helpful.
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70– LANGUAGE FOCUS
2. Melanie was the only person who wrote a letter of thanks.
Melanie was the only person wrote a letter of thanks.
Melanie was the only person to write a letter of thanks.
Melanie was the only person writing a letter of thanks.
Melanie was the only person written a letter of thanks.
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
3. The food which was sold in this supermarket is very good.
The food was sold in this supermarket is very good.
The food selling in this supermarket is very good.
The food to sell in this supermarket is very good.
The food sold in this supermarket is very good.
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
4. The boy who was injured in the accident was taken to the hospital.
The boy injured in the accident was taken to the hospital.
The boy was injured in the accident was taken to the hospital.
The boy injuring in the accident was taken to the hospital.
The boy to injure in the accident was taken to the hospital.
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
5. New motor way which will cost $ 5,000,000 is planned ).
New motor way cost $ 5,000,000 is planned .
New motor way will cost $ 5,000,000 is planned.
New motor way costing $ 5,000,000 is planned.
New motor way which cost 5,000,000 is planned.
UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
Homework:

Do the exercise at home.
2. Prepare for the new lesson.


UNIT 11: SOURCES OF ENERGY – PERIOD 70 – LANGUAGE FOCUS
Thanks for your
attention!
 
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