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Unit 4. Volunteer work

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Tham khảo cùng nội dung: Bài giảng, Giáo án, E-learning, Bài mẫu, Sách giáo khoa, ...
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Nhắn tin cho tác giả
(Tài liệu chưa được thẩm định)
Nguồn:
Người gửi: Hoàng Ngân
Ngày gửi: 16h:47' 30-07-2021
Dung lượng: 6.3 MB
Số lượt tải: 412
Số lượt thích: 1 người (nguyễn đình bằng)
UNIT 4. VOLUNTEER WORK
Grade 11
PART A. READING
- volunteer (n/v): /,vɔlən`tiə/ tình nguyện viên
+ voluntary (adv) /ˈvɒləntri/ tình nguyện, sẵn lòng
+ voluntarily (adv) /ˈvɒləntrəli/ /ˌvɑːlənˈterəli/ sẵn lòng
- Orphanage (n): /`ɔ:fəniʤ/ trại mồ côi
+ orphan (n) /ˈɔːfn/ trẻ mồ côi
- mow (v): /məu/ Cắt, gặt
- comfort (n): /`kʌmfət/ sự an ủi
+ comfortable (adj) /ˈkʌmftəbl/
+ uncomfortable (adj) /ʌnˈkʌmftəbl/
- handicapped (a) /`hændikæpt/ Người tàn tật
overcome (v): /,ouvə`kʌm/ vượt qua
disaster (n): /dɪˈzɑːstə(r)/ thảm họa
- suffer (v): /`sʌfə/ chịu đựng
organize (v): /`ɔ:gənaiz/ tổ chức
organization (n): /ˌɔːɡənaɪˈzeɪʃn/ tổ chức
Each nation has many people who voluntarily take care of others. For example, many high school and college students in the United States often spend many hours as volunteers in hospitals, orphanages or homes for the aged. They read books to the people in these places. Sometimes the students just visit them, play games with them or listen to their problems.
Other young volunteers work in the homes of sick or old people. They clean up their houses, do their shopping or mow their lawns. For boys who no longer have fathers, there is a voluntary organization called Big Brothers. College students take these boys to baseball games and help them to get to know things that boys usually learn from their fathers.
Some high school students take part in helping disadvantaged or handicapped children. They give care and comfort to them and help them to overcome their difficulties. Young college and university students participate in helping the people who have suffered badly in wars or natural disasters. During summer vacations, they volunteer to work in remote or mountainous areas to provide education for children.
Each city has a number of clubs where boys and girls can go to play games. Some of these clubs organise short trips to the mountains, beaches or other places of interest. Most of these clubs use a lot of high school and college students as volunteers because they are young enough to understand the problems of younger boys and girls.
Volunteers believe that some of the happiest people in the world are those who help to bring happiness to others.
When she retired, she did a lot of……………….…….service for the Red Cross.

She was not fired. She left the company……………………..

She needs some………………….……..to clean up the kitchen.

Last month the company……………….…….to donate fifty

trucks to help flooded areas.
(adj)  service (n)
VOLUNTARY
S V O + (adv)
VOLUNTARILY
some  (n)
VOLUNTEERS
S (v)
VOLUNTEERED
Task 1.
1. Volunteers usually help these who are sick or old in their home by:
Mowing the lawns, doing shopping and cleaning up their houses.
Cooking, sewing or washing their clothes.
Telling them stories, and singing and dancing for them.
Taking them to baseball games.
2. Big Brothers is :
the name of a club.
a home for children.
the name of a film.
An organization for boys who no longer have fathers.
Task 2.
Task 2.
3. Most of the boys’ and girls’ clubs use many high schools and college students as volunteers because they :
Have a lot of free time.
Can understand the problems of younger boys and girls.
Know how to do the work.
Are good at playing games.
4. Volunteers believe that :
in order to make others happy, they have to be happy.
the happiest people are those who make themselves happy.
the happiest people are those who are young and healthy.
bringing happiness to others make them the happiest people.
5. The best tittle for the passage is :
Taking care of others.
Voluntary work in the United Stated.
Volunteers : The Happiest People in the World.
Helping Old and Sick people in the United States.
Task 3
Answer the questions :
What do high school and college students usually do as volunteers in hospitals, orphanages or home for the aged ?


How do volunteers help disadvantaged and handicapped children to overcome their difficulties ?


Where do students volunteer to work during summer vacations ?
 They read book to the aged in these places, sometimes just visit them, play games with them or listen to their problems.
 They give care and comfort to them.
 They volunteer to remote or mountainous areas.
1. Students in the United States spend their time as volunteers only in hospitals.
2. Big Brothers is an organization for boys who no longer have fathers.
3. High school students also help disadvantaged or handicapped children overcome their difficulties.
4. During vacations, volunteers come to work in remote or mountainous areas.
F
T
T
F
Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the passage.
PART B. SPEAKING
PART C. LISTENING
PART D. WRITING
VOCABULARY
- excursion (n)  /ɪkˈskɜːʃn/: chuyến than quan, du ngoạn
Ex: I had an excursion to Ha Long Bay last year.
- invalid (n) /ɪnˈvælɪd/ : người tàn phế, tật nguyền
- martyr (n) /ˈmɑːtə(r)/ : liệt sĩ
- vehicle (n) /ˈviːəkl/: phương tiện
intersection (n) /ˈɪntəsekʃn/ : sự giao nhau

- Cheat (v) /tʃiːt/ : lừa đảo, gian lận
- Enforce (v) /ɪnˈfɔːs/ : ép buộc
Strict (adj) /strɪkt/ : nghiêm khắc
- Income (n) /ˈɪnkʌm/ : thu nhập
- Tutor /ˈtjuːtə(r)/ : phụ đạo, gia sư
- Reduce (v) /rɪˈdjuːs/ : giảm
- Set up (v) : xây dựng, bố trí
New words
Operate (v) /ˈɒpəreɪt/ hoạt động, điều khiển, vận hành
co-operate (v) /kəʊˈɒpəreɪt/ hợp tác
co-operation (n) /kəʊˌɒpəˈreɪʃn/ sự hợp tác
disadvantaged children /ˌdɪsədˈvɑːntɪdʒd/ trẻ em bất hạnh
fund-raising /ˈfʌndreɪzɪŋ/ gây quỹ
co-ordinate (v) /kəʊˈɔːdɪneɪt/ phối hợp
donate (v) /dəʊˈneɪt/ : quyên góp
+ donation (n) /dəʊˈneɪʃn/ vật quyên góp, sự quyên góp
+ donor (n) : ng quên góp
gratitude (n) /ˈɡrætɪtjuːd/ : long biết ơn



VOLUNTEER WORK
Part E_Language focus
UNIT 4:
PRONUNCIATION:
/ w /, / j /
A.
B.
GRAMMAR
- Gerund and Present participle
- Perfect gerund and Perfect participle
Outline:
1. Listen and repeat
/ w /
/ j /
we
west
wine
wheel
wet
whale
yes
yellow
young
year
use
York
2. Practice reading the sentences
1. We went for a walk in the woods near the railway.
2. We wore warm clothes and walked quickly to keep warm.
3. At about twelve, we had sandwiches and sweet white wine, and we watched TV.
4. Excuse me. Did you use to live in York?
5. Did you use to be a tutor at the University?
6. I read about Hugh in the newspaper yesterday.
B. GRAMMAR
- Gerund and Present participle
- Perfect gerund and Perfect participle
Gerund/ present participle
Underlining the ING-form words and identifying which is gerund or present participle
1.” Where is Sally?” – She is playing tennis.
2. It is a worrying problem.
3. The girl standing over there is Alice.
4. Playing tennis is my hobby
5. I enjoy walking in the rain
6. I heard him coming into the hall.
pr. p
pr. p
pr. p
gerund
gerund
pr. p
I. GERUND AND PRESENT PARTICIPLE
Mary
She is swimming. (1)
She enjoys swimming. (2)
V-ing
(1)
(2)
Gerund
Present participle
→ as a verb
→ as a noun
I. GERUND AND PRESENT PARTICIPLE
1. GERUND
a. Form: V-ing
b. Use:
Gerund
as a subject
after prepositions: in, on, at, about, to, with, ...
after certain verbs: enjoy, mind, suggest, risk, practice,…
Gerund
as the subject of a sentence



as complement of a verb



as complement of a preposition
Playing tennis is my hobby
I enjoy walking in the rain
She is good at cooking
I. GERUND AND PRESENT PARTICIPLE
2. PRESENT PARTICIPLE
a. Form: V-ing
b. Use:
- as a part of continuous tenses
- after catch/ find/ leave + O
Ex: I caught him stealing my motorbike0
She is cooking now.
I have to spend my time doing homework. I can’t go fishing with you.
after: + spend/ waste + O
+ go/ be busy
She is playing tennis.
- As part of the continuous form of a verb
- Used after certain verbs: go, come, spend, waste, be busy
- After verbs of sensation: smell, hear, see, watch, notice, observe
- As an adjective
- Reduce relative clause

- Replace S + V
They go fishing.
I heard him coming into the hall.
It is a worrying problem
The girl standing over there is Alice
Present Participle
I. GERUND AND PRESENT PARTICIPLE
2. PRESENT PARTICIPLE
a. Form: V-ing
b. Use:
Present participle
in continuous tenses
after verbs of perception:
see/ hear/ smell/ taste/ notice… + O
after: + spend/ waste + O
+ go/ be busy
after catch/ find/ leave + O
1. Last night, he admitted having stolen the money.
8 pm
9 pm
2. Having done his homework, John went to bed.
Perfect gerund
Perfect participle
having + PP (V3/V-ed)
Spend start listen behave meet bend wait
Exercise 1 Complete each of the following sentences with appropriate gerund of the verbs from the box.
1. I have no objection to ……………….to your story again.
2. Touch your toes without……………….your knees!
3. You should be ashamed of yourself for ……………….so badly.
4. I am looking forward to …………………..you.
5. You can’t prevent him from …………………his own money.
6. Would you mind …………………….for a moment?
7. In spite of …………….late, we arrived in time.
listening
bending
behaving
meeting
spending
waiting
starting
Exercise 2: Complete each of the following sentences with an appropriate present participle of the verbs from the box.
1. She smelt something……………….and saw smoke………….

2. If she catches you…………...... her diary, she’ll be furious.

3. They found a tree……………across the street.

4. I’m going …………………this afternoon.

5. He doesn’t spend much time………………..........his lesson.

6. They wasted a whole afternoon…………….to repair the bike.

7. They spent a lot of money………………….....the house.
burning
rising
reading
lying
shopping
preparing
trying
modernizing
Try read prepare rise lie shop burn modernize
II. PERFECT GERUND AND PERFECT PARTICIPLE
1. Form: Having + PP (V3/V-ed)
2. Use:
* Note: when using perfect participle, 2 actions must belong to the same subject.
Ex: a. He admitted having stolen the bicycle.
perfect gerund
b. Having finished her work, she went home.
Perfect participle
Exercise 3: Put the verbs in brackets into the perfect gerund or perfect participle, then decide which is perfect gerund (P.G) or perfect participle (P.P).
1. I object to him ……………....................(make) private calls on the office phone.
2. …………………………(be) his own boss for such a long time, he found it hard to accept orders from another.
3. They denied ………………………………(be) there.
4. ………………………….(tie) one end of the rope to his bed, he threw the other end out of the window.
5. ………………………………(read) the instruction, he snatched up the fire extinguisher.
6. The children admitted …………………………(take) the money.
having made
Having been
having been
Having tied
Having read
having taken
(P.G)
(P.P)
(P.G)
(P.P)
(P.G)
(P.P)
GAME:
Lucky fruit

1. Smoke/ be/ not good/ for our health.
→ Smoking is not good for our health.
gerund

2. He/ deny/ meet/ Mary/ at the party/ last night.

→ He denied having met Mary at the party last night.
perfect gerund

3. We/ should/ spend/ time/ do/ volunteer work.

→ We should spend time doing volunteer work.
present participle

4. Save/ enough money/ John/ buy/ a new car/ last week.

→ Having saved enough money, John bought a new car last week.
perfect participle

5. I/ be/ interested in/ read/ books.

→ I am interested in reading books.
gerund
FURTHER PRACTICE
HOMEWORK
Practice reading the sentences with sounds /w/ and /j/ (p.53)
Revise the form and the use of:
+ gerund and present participle
+ perfect gerund and perfect participle
Do exercises 1 and 2 on page 54, 55 (textbook)
Review main point of the 45-minute test No.1 to prepare for the test correction
 
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