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12099162 Kính chào các thầy, cô. Khi cài đặt phần mềm , trên PowerPoint và Word sẽ mặc định xuất hiện menu Bộ công cụ Violet để thầy, cô có thể sử dụng các tính năng đặc biệt của phần mềm ngay trên PowerPoint và Word. Tuy nhiên sau khi cài đặt phần mềm , với nhiều máy tính sẽ...
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ÔN THI TN ĐỌC HIỂU 2021

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Người gửi: Đặng Tiến Minh
Ngày gửi: 19h:30' 19-01-2021
Dung lượng: 1.5 MB
Số lượt tải: 133
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WELCOME TO MY REPORT
ACADEMIC YEAR: 2020-2021
TEACHER: DANG MINH VUONG
LESSON: READING SKILLS PRACTICE
A. READING SKILLS REVISION
B. READING SKILLS PRACTICE
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 12th, 2020
A. READING SKILLS REVISION
I/ TYPES OF QUESTION IN READING PASSAGE
A. READING SKILLS REVISION
I/ TYPES OF QUESTION IN READING PASSAGE
A. READING SKILLS REVISION
I/ TYPES OF QUESTION IN READING PASSAGE
A. READING SKILLS REVISION
II/ TYPES OF QUESTION IN READING PASSAGE
HOW TO IDENTIFY THE QUESTION
What is the passage mainly about?
What is the main idea of the passage?
What could be the best title for the passage?
Which best serves as the title for the passage?
Which of the following would be the best title?
Câu trả lời thường nằm ở đầu hoặc cuối mỗi đoạn văn.
Nếu ý chính không nằm cụ thể ở đầu hoặc cuối đoạn văn ta sẽ để lại làm cuối cùng sau khi đã dành thời gian trả lời các câu hỏi chi tiết.
Câu hỏi 1 và 2: Tìm ý chính của bài đọc (main idea) và tựa đề của bài (title)
HOW TO ANSWER THE QUESTION
HOW TO IDENTIFY THE QUESTION
According to the passage,……..
It is stated in paragraph … that …
Which of the following is mentioned in the passage?
Which of the following is true…..?
Câu hỏi 3: Xác định thông tin được nêu trong bài (stated detail)

Cách làm cụ thể:
Gạch chân key word, ý quan trọng trong câu hỏi và trong bài
=> Dùng kỹ năng scanning để tìm đoạn phù hợp để đọc kỹ lấy thông tin
=> Đọc kỹ các câu chứa các từ khóa và ý trong câu hỏi cẩn thận
=> Loại những đáp án chắc chắn sai và lựa chọn đáp án đúng nhất trong các lựa chọn còn lại
Câu hỏi 4: Xác định thông tin KHÔNG được nêu trong bài (unstated details)
HOW TO IDENTIFY THE QUESTION
Which of the following is NOT mentioned...?
Which of the following is NOT stated...?
Which of the following is NOT true...?
Which of the following are false….?
All of the following are true EXCEPT...

Câu trả lời sẽ là thông tin không xuất hiện trong bài
Câu trả lời sẽ là câu sai so với bài

Cách làm cụ thể:
Gạch chân key word, ý quan trọng trong câu hỏi và trong bài
Dùng kỹ năng scanning để tìm đoạn phù hợp để đọc kỹ lấy thông tin
Đọc kỹ các câu chứa các từ khóa và ý trong câu hỏi cẩn thận
Loại bỏ những lựa chọn được đề cập hoặc đúng so với bài đọc
Chọn phương án không được đề cập hoặc không đúng với bài đọc
Câu hỏi 5: Tìm từ hoặc cụm từ được nói đến hoặc quy chiếu đến trong đoạn văn
HOW TO IDENTIFY THE QUESTION
The word “….’’ in the passage … refers to....
The phrase “X” in paragraph …. mostly describes something which is ….
Câu trả lời:
Thường là các cụm từ nằm trong những câu trước hoặc trong chính câu chứa từ quy chiếu.
Câu hỏi 6: Suy luận, tìm hàm ý (Inference questions)
HOW TO IDENTIFY THE QUESTION
Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
Which of the following is implied in the passage?
What does the author imply in paragraph …?
Câu trả lời:
Câu trả lời cho câu hỏi này thường dựa vào ý hiểu của mình đối với bài, tuy nhiên chúng ta có thể tìm theo trình tự bài đọc
Cách làm cụ thể:
Tìm từ chính (key words), then chốt của mỗi câu hỏi.
Đọc lướt (skimming) đọc lướt xem từ then chốt, ý then chốt nằm ở chỗ nào trong đoạn văn (thường theo thứ tự trong bài).
Đọc kỹ các câu văn chứa các từ, ý then chốt.
Tìm câu trả lời phù hợp theo đoạn văn.
Dùng phương pháp loại trừ, loại phương án sai nhất, rồi chọn phương án đúng nhất trong các phương án còn lại.
Câu hỏi 7: Câu hỏi từ vựng, tìm từ đồng nghĩa, trái nghĩa (vocab)
HOW TO IDENTIFY THE QUESTION
The word “X” in paragraph … is closest in meaning to __.
The word “X” in paragraph … mostly means _____.
Trả lời:
Dựa vào thông tin xung quanh từ được đưa ra để đoán nghĩa của từ
Cách làm cụ thể:
- Tìm từ đó ở trong bài đọc
- Đọc câu chứa từ đó cẩn thận
- Tìm các manh mối trong ngữ cảnh để giúp hiểu ý nghĩa của từ.
- Chọn đáp án mà ngữ cảnh thể hiện
2017: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 23 to 27.
In the early twentieth century, an American woman named Emily Post wrote a book on etiquette. This book explained the proper behavior Americans should follow in many different social (23) , from birthday parties to funerals. But in modern society, it is not simply to know the proper rules for behavior in your own country. It is necessary for people (24) work or travel abroad to understand the rules of etiquette in other cultures as well.
Cultural (25) can be found in such simple processes as giving or receiving a gift. In Western cultures, a gift can be given to the receiver with relatively little ceremony. When a gift is offered, the receiver usually takes the gift and expresses his or her thanks. (26) , in some Asian countries, the act of gift-giving may appear confusing to Westerners. In Chinese culture, both the giver and receiver understand that the receiver will typically refuse to take the gift several times before he or she finally accepts it. In addition, to (27) respect for the receiver, it is common in several Asian cultures to use both hands when offering a gift to another person.
(Source: Reading Advantage by Casey Malarcher)
READING PRACTICE
Question 23. A. positions B. conditions
C. situations D. locations
Question 24. A. who B. which
C. where D. whose
Question 25. A. differences B. different
C. differently D. differ
Question 26. A. Moreover B. Therefore
C. However D. Otherwise
Question 27. A. show B. get
C. feel D. take
2018: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 35.
Urban development is having a direct impact on the weather in many cities worldwide. It has been noticed that the difference (31)______ temperature is usually greater at night and the phenomenon occurs in both winter and summer. Experts agree that this is due to urban development, when open green spaces are replaced with asphalt roads and tall brick or concrete buildings. These materials retain heat generated by the Sun and release it through the night. In Atlanta, in the US, this has even led to thunderstorms (32)______ occur in the morning rather than, as is more common, in the afternoon.
Large cities around the world are adopting strategies to combat this issue (33)______ it is not uncommon to find plants growing on top of roofs or down the walls of large buildings. In Singapore, the government has (34)______ to transform it into a "city within a garden" and, in 2006, they held an international competition calling for entries to develop a master plan to help bring this about. One outcome was the creation of 18 "Supertrees" – metal constructions resembling very tall trees. Each one is a vertical freestanding garden and is (35)______ to exotic plants and ferns. They also contain solar panels used to light the trees at night and also containers to collect rainwater, making them truly self-sufficient.
(Adapted from "The Official Cambridge Guide to IELTS" by Pauline Cullen, Amanda French and Vanessa Jakeman)
READING PRACTICE
Question 31. A. on B. with
C. in D. out
Question 32. A. when B. which
C. what D. where
Question 33. A. or B. for
C. and D. but
Question 34. A. pledged B. committed
C. confessed D. required
Question 35. A. home B. house
C. land D. place
2019: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 25 to 29.
The Cyberspaee Learning Initiative
Advances in technology have generated revolutionary applications that could change the face of education as we know it today. Online learning, also known as electronic learning, may (25)......the future of education thanks to recent developments in the Internet and multimedia technologies.
It is anticipated that cyberspace institutions or online universities will replace traditional educational (26)...... . Virtual classrooms will be multi-functional, acting simultaneously as learning platforms, forum and (27)...... networks They will be geared towards promoting the acquisition of knowledge as a life-long endeavour, (28)...... occurs through global collaboration. Cyberspace institutions can go a long way towards achieving this as they are able to liberate us from the limitations of time and space. Flexibility of time and location makes e-learning a highly accessible, international resource (29)......, prospective students will, regardless of age, background or origin, have unlimited access to both formal and informal learning opportunities. The pursuit of knowledge will consequently become an end in itself and not a means to an end.
READING PRACTICE
Question 25: A. see B. plan
C. shape D. view
Question 26: A. provisions B. specifications C. backgrounds D. establishments
Question 27: A. socialize B. socially C. social D. society
Question 28: A. when B. where C. which D. who
Question 29: A. Although B. However C. Therefore D. Because
2020: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 26 to 30.
INTERNSHIPS
 
In many countries going through difficult economic times, job openings for new graduates can be few and far between. In this competitive environment, relevant work experience can help job seekers stand out from the crowd, and (26) ___ organizations now offer temporary placements, called internships. The problem with numerous internships, (27) ___, is that they are unpaid, and this often puts young people off applying for them.
 
Employers and interns sometimes come to mutually beneficial arrangements, however. Dinesh Pathan, applying for an internship with an IT company, negotiated a deal in which he would be given travel (28) ___ only for two weeks, and then, as long as he could show his marketing work was adding value, he would be paid a wage. The arrangement worked well: Dinesh had a(n) (29) ___ to work hard, and he ended up feeling “not so much an intern as a temporary staffer”. HR consultant Denise Baker says similar arrangements are common. What is more, “if interns do well, employers would often rather make them full employees than recruit people (30) ___ they don’t know”.
 
(Adapted from Exam Essentials Practice Tests - Cambridge English by Tom Bradbury and Eunice Yeates)
READING PRACTICE
Question 26: A. much B. every
C. many D. another
Question 27: A. instead B. therefore
C. However D. moreover
Question 28: A. companions B. restrictions
C. Expenses D. destinations
Question 29: A. profit B. incentive
C. Persuasion D. promotion
Question 30: A. who B. when
C. Where D. which
2019: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 38 to 42
Norwich is the capital of East Anglia, an area on the east coast of England which is famous for its natural beauty and impressive architecture. Norwich is a wonderful city to explore and is popular with tourists all year round.
Norwich is not a city of luxurious hotels, but it has a good selection of reasonably priced places to stay in, both in the city centre and further out. The Beeches Hotel, for example, next to the cathedral, has a beautiful Victorian garden. Comfortable accommodation costs ₤65 for two nights` bed and breakfast per person. Norwich is famous for its magnificent cathedral. The cathedral has summer programme of music and events which is open to the general public. One event, "Fire from Heaven", is a drama and musical performance with fireworks, a laser light show and a carnival with local people dressed in colourful costumes.
Norwich is also home to the Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts, a world-class collection of international art in a building at the University of East Anglia. This is well worth a visit and there is a lovely canteen with an excellent selection of hot and cold snacks. It also specializes in vegetarian food. In addition, the city has a new professional theatre, the Playhouse, on the River Wensum. The city`s annual international arts festival is from 10 to 20 October
Finally, if you fancy a complete break from the stresses of everyday life, you could hire a boat and spend few days cruising along the rivers of the famous Norfolk Broads National Park. In our environmentally friendly age, the emphasis has moved towards the quiet enjoyment of nature and wildlife. You can hire a boat, big or small, for an hour or two or even up to a week or two. This makes a perfect day out or holiday for people of all ages.
(Adapted from "Swcceed in Cambridge English Preliminary"by Andrew Betsis and Lawrence Mamas)
READING PRACTICE
Question 38: Which best serves as the title for the passage?
A. England`s Famous Cities B. Daily Life in Norwich
C. A Destination Guide to England D. Holidays in Norwich
Question 39: The word "it" in paragraph 2 refers to __________
A. selection B the Beeches Hotel
C. Norwich D. the city centre
Question 40: According to paragraph 2, which is NOT part of "Fire from Heaven "?
A. A fireworks display B. A carnival
C. A campfire D. A laser light show
Question 41: The word "cruising" in paragraph 4 mostly means _________
A. swimming B. travelling by boat
C. moving on land D. surfing
Question 42: According to the passage, where is the Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts located?
A. In a building at the University of East Anglia
B. In an international art museum
C. In a new professional theatre on the River Wensum
D. In the Norfolk Broads National Park
2019: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 43 to 50.
The United Nations recently outlined the extent of the global water crisis, saying that 2.7 billion people would face severe water shortages by 2025 if consumption continues at current rates. Today, an estimated 1.2 billion people drink unclean water, and about 2.5 billion lack proper toilets or waste disposal systems. More than five million people die each year from diseases related to unclean water. Humans are pumping water out of the ground faster than it can be replenished. In this difficult situation, a water conservationist, Neil MacLeod in South Africa, has found innovative ways to improve his local water situation.
Neil MacLeod took over as head of Durban Metro Water Services in 1992. The situation he found was a catastrophe. Durban had one million people living in the city and another 1.5 million people who lived in poverty just outside it. The entire city was rife with broken water pipes, leaky toilets, and faulty plumbing whereby 42 percent of the region`s water was simply being wasted.
MacLeod`s crews began repairing and replacing water pipes. They put water meters on residences, replaced eight-liter toilets with four-liter models, and changed wasteful showers and water taps. To ensure that the poor would receive a basic supply of water, MacLeod installed tanks in homes and apartments to provide 190 liters of water a day free to each household. Water consumption in Durban is now less than it was in 1996, even as 800,000 more people have received service. Through sensible water use, Durban `s conservation measures paid for themselves within a year. No new reservoirs will be needed in the coming decades, despite the expected addition of about 300,000 inhabitants.
MacLeod has also turned to water recycling. At the water recycling plant, wastewater is turned into clean water in just 12 hours. Most people are unable to discern a difference between the usual city drinking water and the treated wastewater, although it is actually intended for industrial purposes.
Some people still hope that new technology, such as the desalination of seawater, will solve the world`s water problems. "But the fact is, water conservation is where the big gains are to be made," says Sandra Postel of the Global Water Policy Project. The dedication and resourcefulness of people like Neil MacLeod offer inspiration for implementing timely and lasting solutions to the world `s water concerns.
(Adapted from "Reading Explorer 4" by Paul Maclntyre and Nancy Hubley)
READING PRACTICE
Question 43: Which best serves as the title for the passage?
A. South Africa to Successfully Desalinate Seawater
B. Drinkable Seawater - A Dream Turning Sour?
C. The United Nations to Address Local Water Situations
D. Tackling Water Problems: A Story from South Africa.
Question 44: According to the passage, how many people have to drink unclean water worldwide?
A. About 5 million B. 2.7 billion
C. 2.5 billion D. Around 1.2 billion
Question 45: The word "catastrophe" in paragraph 2 is mostly a situation which is ________
A. local B. unlikely C disastrous D. familiar
Question 46: The word "it" in paragraph 3 refers to_____________
A Durban B. service C. water consumption D. household
Question 47: The word "discern" in paragraph 4 could be best replaced by________
A. recognize B appreciate C. emphasize D. examine
Question 48: What is the essence of Neil MacLeod`s solutions to the water problems in Durban?
A. Conservation of water B. Reliance on foreign aid
C. Construction of new reservoirs D. Exploitation of ground water
Question 49: Which of the following is TRUE, according to the passage?
A. Provision of desalinated seawater is the ultimate solution to the world`s water problems.
B. Money saved from sensible water use helped cover the cost of reservoir construction in Durban.
C. In Durban, treated wastewater is provided free of charge to meet the residents` daily needs.
D. Over forty percent of Durban`s water was wasted through faulty plumbing, leaks and bursts.
Question 50: What can be inferred from the passage?
A. It used to take about half a day to convert wastewater into drinkable water.
B. Water shortages are the most severe in areas with substandard toilet facilities.
C. Each Durban household is not allowed to use more than 190 liters of water per day.
D. A growth in population normally necessitates a rise in the number of reservoirs.
2020: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 31 to 35.
 
Staying in hotels and resorts has been a traditional part of travel since the beginning of mass tourism. But nowadays, many tourists want a more intimate experience. For this reason, they are choosing to “go native”. This often means staying in the kinds of places that local people inhabit. In big cities, you can try staying with the friend of a friend. You may end up sleeping on the couch or the floor, but the advantages outweigh the discomfort. The biggest plus is that you’ll be staying with a local and seeing the city from a local perspective.
 
Another option is house-swapping. Several websites allow you to connect with people who want to trade living situations. It’s usual to exchange emails about favourite places in the city before the swap, meaning you can have a truly local experience. But of course, you can only do this if you don’t mind having strangers staying in your house.
 
For the more adventurous, staying in a native structure in an African village or a hut on the water in Vietnam or Thailand can be a real thrill. These might not even include plumbing or electricity, and that is part of the charm. The experience of dealing with oil lamps and carrying water really gives you a sense of how the people live.
No matter how unadventurous you feel, you might want to consider crossing hotels off your list. Getting to know the local way of life is most valuable part of travel. And what better way is there to do this than staying where the local people actually live?
(Adapted from Solutions - Third Edition by Tim Falla and Paul A Davies)
READING PRACTICE
Question 31: What is the passage mainly about?
 
A. New holiday accommodation trend B. Adventurous holiday activities
 
C. World heritage sites D. Main tourist attractions in Asia
Question 32: The word “they” in paragraph 1 refers to _______.
 
A. resorts B. hotels C. local people D. tourists
 
Question 33: What is the biggest advantage of tourist’ going native?
A. It enables them to experience the local lifestyle.
 
B. It offers them opportunities to make new friends.
 
C. It is more comfortable than staying in hotels and resorts.
 
D. It is cheaper than staying in other kinds of accommodation.
Question 34: The word “charm” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _______.
 
A. price B. attraction C. safety D. danger
Question 35: Which of the following is mentioned in the passage?
A. There are several websites used for house-swapping purposes.
 
B. Tourists to Thailand prefer staying in a native structure to staying in a hut.
 
C. Staying with local people is more popular than staying in hotels and resorts.
D. Dealing with oil lamps is the most thrilling experience for tourists to Vietnam.
2020: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.
 
One day, a middle-aged man asked a taxi to take him to see Chelsea play Arsenal at football. He told the driver “Stamford Bridge”, the name of Chelsea’s stadium, but he was delivered instead to the village of Stamford
 
Bridge in Yorkshire. Of course, he missed the match.
 
What had happened? With the Sat-Nav system in place, the driver in this story felt he did not need to know where he was going. He confidently outsourced the job of knowing this information to the Sat-Nav. Using an Internet search engine takes a broadband user less than a second. And with smartphones at hand, people will be online almost all of the time.
 
The same could be true of university education. Today, the average student seems not to value general knowledge. If asked a factual question, they will usually click on a search engine without a second thought. Actually knowing the fact and committing it to memory does not seem to be an issue, it’s the ease with which we can look it up.
 
However, general knowledge has never been something that you acquire formally. Instead, we pick it up from all sorts of sources as we go along, often absorbing facts without realizing. The question remains, then: is the Internet threatening general knowledge? When I put that to Moira Jones, expert in designing IQ tests, she referred me to the story of the Egyptian god Thoth. It goes like this: Thoth offers writing as a gift to the king of Egypt, declaring it an “elixir of memory and wisdom.” But the king is horrified, and tells him: “This invention will induce forgetfulness in the souls of those who have learned it, because they will not need to exercise their memories, being
able to rely on what is written.”
 
Who wants to be a millionaire finalist David Swift, responding to the same question, recognizes that there was a problem of young people saying: “I don’t need to know that”, but he is far more excited about the educational potential of the Internet. “There is so much more information out there, giving people opportunities to boost their
general knowledge.”
 
After all, the Internet might just help us to forget more and more. But meanwhile, the continuing popularity of quizzes and game-shows shows us that general knowledge is strong enough to remain.
(Adapted from English Unlimited by Adrian Doff and Ben Goldstein)
READING PRACTICE
Question 36: Which best serves as the title for the passage?
 
The Age of the Robot?
Novel Applications of the Sat-Nav System
New Perspectives on Tertiary Education
The End of General Knowledge?
Question 37: Why did the middle-aged man miss the football match?
A. Because the Sat-Nav in his car was out of order.
B. Because the taxi driver was over-dependent on technology.
C. Because he did not remember the directions to the stadium.
D. Because the search engine in the taxi failed to work.
Question 38: The word “outsourced” in paragraph 2 mostly means ______.
A. exchanged B. assigned C. submitted D. imposed
Question 39: The word “that” in paragraph 4 refers to _______.
A. the story B. general knowledge C. the Internet D. the question
Question 40: The word “induce” in paragraph 4 mostly means _______.
A. ease B. limit C. promote D. cause
Question 41: Which of the following is TRUE, according to the passage?
 
A. Young people do not seem to bother themselves with memorizing factual information.
 
B. General knowledge tends to have been mainly acquired through formal schooling.
C. The majority of undergraduates are reluctant to look for answers to factual questions online.
 
C. On being offered the gift of writing, the king of Egypt was hopeful about its potential.
 
Question 42: Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
A. Many universities worldwide have switched to virtual platforms for learning and teaching.
 
B. Moira Jones is not positive about the potential of the Internet in general knowledge acquisition.
 
C. When it comes to IQ test, the ability to recall factual information is of little importance.
 
D. David Swift believes that informal acquisition of knowledge has been overrated these days.
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THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION
homework
- review the passage
- translate the passage into vietnamese
- prepare the next period
Câu hỏi 3: Nhận diện cách tổ chức ý tưởng hoặc bố cục chung hoặc thái độ (general organization or attitude)
Time order (Chronological order): trình tự thời gian
Dấu hiệu: Firstly, secondly, finally, next, then…
Cause and effect: nguyên nhân và hệ quả
Dấu hiệu: Because, since, as, lead to, due to, as a result, consequently...
Definition – example: Định nghĩa – ví dụ
Dấu hiệu: Define, mean, indicate, show...
Comparison and contrast: so sánh
Dấu hiệu: On one hand, on the other hand, more,
less, least, most...
Problem – solution: vấn đề - giải pháp
Dấu hiệu: Cause, result in, deal with….
Câu hỏi 6: Xác định thông tin này được đề cập ở đâu trong bài (Where question)
HOW TO IDENTIFY THE QUESTION
 Where is the passage…?
Câu trả lời sẽ là một vài dòng liền nhau trong bài chứa thông tin trong câu hỏi.
 
Gửi ý kiến